Cultivation of aloe
The ideal location for the aloes, as well as for all succulent plants, is certainly in the open air. In order to have a good vegetative growth, in fact, they require an extremely bright and warm exposition. Nevertheless, with some expedients, the cultivation is also possible indoors. Here are some suggestions for success.
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- Good day Spett.Le Redazione, I wanted to ask you a little information.
I have in my apartment a plant of Aloe, not like the ones you showed in your magazine of the month of April; this plant has a very good quality….
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Aloes grown in apartments should always be kept in very bright rooms. We recommend a south-facing room or, even better, a heated stairwell with a large French window. There should be plenty of light during the summer, although it should not be concentrated by the glass. In the summer months (June to the end of August), and in particular in the afternoon hours, we use a light tent. In this way we will avoid the appearance of harmful and unsightly leaf burns.
Aloe vera in winter
In some rooms it is possible that, during the winter period, temperatures drop for most of the day below 16 ° C. In this case we suggest to move the plant in an area a little less bright so as to induce a slight vegetative rest.
Ideal temperatures for aloe
Aloes hardly have problems with high temperatures: the ideal range is around 18-25°C, but if the thermometer rises above 30°C it will be sufficient to adjust the irrigation.
Instead, we must be careful when the thermometer drops below 15°C: the plant will certainly enter into vegetative rest. However, we must begin to fear only when we approach the 7°C, critical threshold for aloes: in apartments, especially in inhabited areas, it is quite difficult for this to happen.
Substrate and repotting of aloe
The repotting for these succulents is recommended every year, given their growth in width. We can decide from time to time whether to simply switch to a larger container (maximum 4 cm more) or divide the mother plant from the suckers, changing only the substrate. Adult plants (with pots above 50 cm in diameter) slow down growth and interventions can therefore be delayed.
A specific product for succulent plants is recommended as substrate. Ideally, however, you should create an equal mix of green plant soil and coarse sand (sand and perlite), then add some field soil.
It is important to create a thick drainage layer on the bottom.
We suggest not too deep, but wide, pots, to allow the development in width typical of this species.
Irrigation and watering aloe
Irrigation is one of the key points for the satisfactory cultivation of succulents. From spring to autumn, irrigation should be light but frequent. It is not possible to give a precise cadence because the water needs depend on many factors such as temperature, lighting and ambient humidity. The only reliable method is to determine the soil moisture level: insert a finger at least 5 cm deep and give water only if it is completely dry.
In winter, the distributions must be further diluted, especially if the temperature in the house is below 18°C. Usually it is not necessary to give water more than once a month: it is only good to make sure that the ground bread does not dry completely.
Fertilization with aloe
Fertilisation is only necessary from spring to early autumn. We can opt for a special product for cacti, following the instructions given. Alternatively, liquid products for green plants are also good, to be administered every two months, halving the doses shown on the label.
Parasites and diseases of aloe
Aloes kept in apartments are more susceptible than others to attack by pests.
The most frequent is undoubtedly the Scudetto cochineal. If the attack is light, we can eliminate it manually. If, however, we see that the problem recurs cyclically (and perhaps the roots are also attacked), we recommend using systemic insecticides given by irrigation (good ones in tablets or granules) combined with a distribution of white oil on the aerial parts (keeping the lowest doses).
In very dry environments, the red spider mite can also occur: we increase the ambient humidity and, if necessary, we use specific products.
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- Cultivating a plant is already in itself a great satisfaction, which generously repays the many attentions necessary for the growth of the plant.
visit : aloe vera plant in house