the genus abeliophyllum comprises a single species, it is a small shrub with deciduous leaves, originating in Korea. It has thin, elongated stems, erect or slightly pendulous, brown or pinkish-brown in colour; with a roundish appearance, these shrubs have a slow growth, and can reach the 150-200 cm of height and width. The leaves are oval, sprout after flowering, are green or bluish-green; sometimes they become purple before falling.
At the end of winter, in January-February, it produces many white flowers, star-shaped, slightly pendulous, very perfumed; the buds are often present on the plant starting from September; there are cultivars with pink flowers, of various tonalities. This shrub is very reminiscent of the forsythia, but it has smaller dimensions and very perfumed flowers, which bloom a few weeks before the forsythia.
To maintain a harmonious shape to the shrub is good to prune the old branches every 2-3 years, to 20-30 cm from the ground. Those who love cut flowers can prune some stems of abeliophyllum in January and force them to bloom at home.
The plants of white forsythia should be placed in a sunny place, or in a half-shade, in a place where they can receive some hours of direct sunlight, preferably in the afternoon hours.
These plants don’t fear the cold, they can resist without problems to cold temperatures, but they can’t stand the sudden late frosts, followed by warm days, which can cause serious problems to the flowering.
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The plants of white forsythia, usually, are satisfied with the rains, which are often quite copious during the flowering period, seen that it takes place in the winter season, before the appearance of the foliage; in case of prolonged periods of drought, it is advisable to water the plant, especially if it is a young specimen.
In autumn, it is a good idea to bury the mature organic fertiliser or universal granular fertiliser at the base of the plant.
The abeliophyllum develop without problems in any soil, preferring well drained, soft, rich and deep substrates. When planting the white forsythia, it is good to prepare a soil composed by peat, organic substance and pumice, in way to give the plant a substratum which is well drained and avoids the formation of dangerous water stagnations.
The multiplication of the white forsythia usually takes place by cutting, which is to be taken from the tips of the stems, by late summer, or in late summer if there is a suitable place for the development of cuttings also in very warm climates. If you proceed at the end of summer, it is good to have a suitable space to allow the correct rooting of the new plants, before they are permanently planted.
White Forsythia – Abeliophyllum: Parasites and diseases
Abeliophyllums are usually not affected by parasites or diseases. For your safety, white forsythian plants can be treated with broad spectrum products before flowering, so that they are better protected from problems and diseases.
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