The genus viburnum includes about two hundred species of shrubs of various sizes, deciduous or evergreen, originating in Asia and Europe; very common in gardens for the ease of cultivation, they usually have a rounded shape, or erect, and reach 3-4 meters in height over several years. The foliage is oval or lanceolate, usually leathery, smooth or wrinkled, depending on the species, dark green. The stems are very ramified, and withstand even drastic pruning, to keep the shrub more compact.
The deciduous species bloom in spring, most evergreen species bloom in autumn or spring. Almost all of the numerous species of viburnum produce decorative berries, which remain on the plant for a long time. The flowers of viburnums are grouped in characteristic umbrella racemes, and so are the berries. In some cases the racemes are globular, as in V. opulus.
The viburnum acerifolium is a deciduous, rustic shrub with erect branches, which reaches the meter and a half of height. Leaves with three lobes, which first turn orange and then purple in autumn. It has creamy white flowers at the end of summer and red-black fruits, very decorative.
- A part of a hedge of viburnum planted in a 50 cm wide and 60 cm high planter, it has the tip of its newly blossomed leaves blackened and after a while they fall. in the ground, although watered, there are some…
- There are many species of viburnum cultivated in European gardens, as these shrubs are present on our continent even in nature, so the cultivation, even of hybrid species or particulate matter.
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- how to prune a vilburno?…
The viburnum betulifolium is a deciduous, rustic tree with erect branches, which reaches four meters in height. Ovate leaves, toothed at the edges, dark green. White flowers at the beginning of summer. In autumn, very decorative red fruits are formed.
Among the many varieties of viburnum we find also the v. dilatatum, which looks like an evergreen shrub with a deciduous character, with a compact habit, with a development of dark green oval leaves. This particular variety originates in Japan.
This type of viburnum reaches a height of three meters and a diameter of two meters.
This variety has a flowering of white flowers in clusters that know the maximum development between spring and summer. In autumn, bright red, highly decorative fruits are formed on the plant, making it a very ornamental type of plant, ideal for embellishing gardens and parks.
The fragrans variety is a deciduous, rustic shrub with erect branches, which reaches three meters in height. the leaves of this variety are oval, toothed, sharp at the apex of a dark green color with orange shades. This type of plant produces bunches of white flowers, very fragrant, at the end of autumn and in winter.
The grandiflorum variety is a deciduous shrub that can reach two to three metres in height. It has oblong, medium green leaves, toothed at the margins, which in autumn become deep purple. From the end of winter to spring, it produces very fragrant tubular flowers.
The viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub, compact, with dark green oval leaves, reaches four meters in height and three meters in diameter. It has white flowers in bunches between spring and summer, very fragrant. In autumn, bright red fruits are formed, very decorative.
Evergreen tree with dark green oval leaves, reaches six meters high and two meters in diameter. White flowers in bunches in May June. In autumn, very decorative bright red fruits are formed, which then become black.
The tinus variety is an evergreen shrub, compact, with dark green oval leaves, reaches three meters in height and two meters in diameter. Rustic. It has white flowers in bunches in winter and spring. In autumn dark blue fruits are formed.
These shrubs are vigorous and give few problems to the gardeners; they prefer the sunny, or semi-shady, positions, and do not fear the cold. Very early flowering species should be planted in a place sheltered from the wind, to avoid that any late frosts ruin the buds. They are also used as hedge plants.
I viburnums do not require regular pruning. Sometimes you can intervene to thin too thick plants by cutting off the old branches. The ideal period for this type of intervention is the one just after the flowering. Winter flowering species, however, should be pruned in the spring.
The technique that guarantees the best results for the multiplication of these shrubs is without doubt the cutting. For deciduous species it is preferable to use semi-woody cuttings, to be taken in June July. For evergreen species, instead, use mature wood cuttings. In both cases, use a substrate of peat and sand in equal parts. They repick when they are well rooted.
These shrubs are satisfied with the rains, but it may be necessary to intervene with abundant watering in case of very prolonged periods of drought, especially in spring or autumn. In autumn or late winter, it is advisable to bury mature organic fertilizer at the foot of the shrubs, to ensure the necessary nourishment.
Viburnum – Viburnum: Viburnum hedges
As many garden lovers know, the viburnum is an ideal plant for hedges and there are many reasons for this. On the one hand it is a plant capable of offering a thick barrier of branches and leaves, capable of giving a remarkable privacy effect in any garden is planted but not only. The viburnum, in many of its varieties, produces berries appetite to birds that then give an important source of livelihood for the local avifauna, helping the development and growth.
In addition to this, the viburnum is a plant that in spring gives very intense blooms, with very abundant flowers that although generally not durable over time, give a bright color to the hedge and a very special scent. There are over 200 species of viburnum among which you can choose the one that suits your garden based on the size, color of the flowers and the persistence of the leaves.
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- Il viburnum tinus appartiene alla famiglia delle Caprifoliaceae e è una specie arbustiva esistente in natura in circa 2
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