A genus that includes some species of perennial herbaceous plants, originating from the American continent, Africa and Asia. They have erect stems, slightly arched, bright purple, which are large bushes, very branched, reaching a height of 3-3.5 meters, throughout the summer, until the beginning of autumn, produce numerous white flowers, star-shaped, gathered in long cobs. The leaves are alternate, oval, pointed, light green.
Towards the end of flowering, the panicles carrying the flowers fill up with small green berries, which, when ripe, become black or purplish; sometimes, the stems carrying the inflorescences are decumbent. All the parts of the plant are poisonous, the young shoots are, however, consumed, but after having been cooked.
The phytolaque is a fairly resistant plant that does not require special care but that needs a light exposure to develop at its best. For this reason it is good to plant the shrubs of phytolaque dioecious in a sunny place, even in partial shade; usually it does not fear the cold, even if some species are lively, therefore the aerial part dries up when the cold arrives.
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The plants of phytolaque are a rather rustic and resistant species and, for this reason, usually settle for the rains, although it is advisable to proceed with watering in case of long periods of drought so as to avoid suffering in the plant. Avoid excesses and water stagnations that would compromise its health; in spring and during planting, it is advisable to bury slow release fertilizer or mature manure at the base of the bush.
The phytoplankton prefers loose, deep and well-drained soils, but develops without any problems in any soil due to its rusticity; before planting a phytolaque dioecious it is good to work the growing substrate, mixing the garden soil with composting soil and a little sand.
The multiplication of the phytolacca takes place by seed at the end of the winter directly in the plant; in autumn it is possible to remove some portions of the root, or of the basal buds, and to bury them directly in the plant. These plants can be easily self-seedededed, so it is good to check that it does not become a weed in the garden.
Phytolacca – Phytolacca dioica: Pests and diseases
The phytolaque dioica in general, being a very rustic and resistant plant, is not attacked by pests or diseases. If you notice details that could lead you to think about the onset of problems, you can intervene with broad spectrum pesticide products that can effectively combat diseases.
- Phytolacca (Phytolacca dioica) is a semi-evergreen tree of the family Phytolaccaceae, originating in
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