Origin and curiosity Nandina
The Nandina, also known as “Sacred Bamboo” has its origins in Asia where it is still widely cultivated. In the East it is considered a symbol of good luck and for this reason it is planted in sacred temples and used to decorate the altars. It was William Kerr, a Scottish nobleman, who imported it to London from Canton in 1804 and from that moment it breached the hearts of English rabbits who began to cultivate it in their gardens.
The name “Nandina” was assigned to her by a Swedish botanist (Carl Peter Thunberg), a pupil of Linnaeus, who distorted the name by which she is called in Japan, or “Nan-Ten”.
Minimum T° -5°C
Full sun, half shade
Yellow, red or green
Up to 2 meters
- Evergreen shrub native to Asia, very rustic, well adapted to the Italian climate, and European in general. From a robust root system are produced thin woody stems, which at the apex of the plant are very rustic, well adapted to the Italian and European climate in general….
- I’d like to know if the nandine Maid is toxic. Thank you…
- I would like to know if the domestic nandina can withstand the winters in the mountains (800 mt.
above sea level) where temperatures can reach -20°. Alternatively you can put the pieris or the p…
- The nandine is an evergreen shrub native to Asia. It is a plant characterized by thin, upright stems that can reach up to two meters in height. The leaves are thin and…
The Nandina domenstica plants are rustic shrubs, which do not suffer from the cold, and can bear even very harsh temperatures for prolonged periods of time. The ideal exposure for this type of plant is to be found in a sunny and bright place, so that it can receive direct sunlight in the coolest hours.
Being a rustic and resistant plant, it can withstand a cold climate, but, if cultivated in pots, it is to be admitted in a sheltered or protected environment at the arrival of the first winter rigours.
Young specimens of this plant variety should be watered regularly during the hot season, always waiting for the soil to be well dry between one watering and the other. Plants that have been planted for a long time can be satisfied with the water supplied by the rains, even if it may be necessary to intervene with light watering during the summer, in case of prolonged drought.
A different matter should be made for plants grown in pots, which require a greater supply of water, since they can not take advantage of the natural humidity of the full earth.
The plants of this particular ornamental variety prefer loose, soft and very well drained soils, as they can be affected by dangerous water stagnations that can form. These shrubs are not very demanding and can also be adapted to the common garden soil, without the need for particularly rich soil.
The multiplication of these plants usually takes place by seed, in autumn; it is also possible to propagate the nandinus by removing some suckers from the base of the plant, checking that each sucker has some well developed roots. It is also possible to multiply in autumn with semi-woody cuttings, taking care to protect the new plants in a sheltered place so that they can develop and acquire strength before final planting.
Pests and diseases
The plants of nandina domenstica, although rustic, can be affected by aphids, especially during the spring months, with the summer heat under the leaves can lurk mites.
Another problem is related to fungal diseases that can arise from excessive humidity and that can also irreparably affect the health of the plant.
The hedge of Nandina
The Nandina is usually used in the garden as a hedge, in pot or in open field. If you grow Nandinas in pots, their growth may be slower and more irrigation and fertilization may be necessary.
The best thing would be to cultivate it in the ground, digging holes and planting the purchased plants, taking care to respect an average distance between the various plants of at least 50-60 cm; this requirement is due to the fact that it is a shrub which reaches a fairly high height. In order to have a beautiful flowering hedge of Nandina, the soil, besides being well drained, must be exposed to the sun or to half shade.
An abundant flowering will ensure a beautiful production of red berries that will remain on the plant throughout the winter period making your garden magical during the Christmas holidays.
The most common Nandina varieties on the market are essentially four: the Nandina domestica “alba” characterized by cream berries instead of coral red and green leaves, the Nandina domestica “fire Power” with a compact and low deportment, it has gibbous leaves and typical autumn colours.
This variety needs a more shaded exposure than the others. The Nandina “Atropurpurea Nana” with a more compact deportment than the others and young leaves with a reddish-purple colouration.
Finally Nandina “San Gabriel” or “Filamentosa” more rare to find than the previous ones, characterized by very narrow leaves, similar to those of bamboo. This variety does not bear fruit but the foliage takes on a beautiful purple colour in autumn.
Nandina domenstica: Toxicity
Nandin is characterized by the toxicity of all its parts that contain hydrogen cyanide. This acid is very poisonous and could be fatal if swallowed. The plant is considered non-toxic to humans, however the berries are very toxic to pets and grazing animals.
The toxicity of the berries is due to the presence of alkaloids such as nantenin, a molecule that blocks the effects of the MDMA naive animals. The berries, on the other hand, are not toxic to birds which, on the contrary, by eating them, contribute to the dispersion of the seeds of the plant through their excrements. In any case, even for birds, indigestion of Nandine berries can be fatal.
- Evergreen shrub native to Asia, very rustic, well adapted to the Italian climate, and European in general. From a rob
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