The leaves are usually leathery and aromatic; they are opposite, whole, briefly petiolate or sessile, oval or lanceolate. They are persistent with a dark green upper colour and with a glossy and smooth finish.
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The flowers of Myrtus communis are white with five petals and stamens and bloom at the armpit of the upper leaves. These inflorescences are fragrant and develop in the late spring and summer. It is possible that myrtle, or myrtle, will produce a second flowering in late summer until October if the autumns are warm.
The Myrthus Bullata comes from New Zealand, reaches a height of about three meters and a diameter of two, as a pot plant reaches proportions of less than half. The 1 cm and 1.5 cm diameter flowers develop in May and June and are followed, in autumn, by blackish purple pear-shaped fruits.
The Luma myrthus is a plant from Chile; it looks like a large shrub, in fact it can reach the height and diameter of five to six meters. Its leaves are dark green, shiny and the flowers grow in July, August. A particularity of this variety is the trunk, very characteristic in the older specimens takes on a brown, cinnamon dotted with dark spots.
The fruits of Myrtus communis are more or less globular, ovoid berries and usually have a bluish black colour, less frequently they can take on a brownish red colour.
These fruits develop during the winter months from November to January and then remain on the plant for a long time. They have a fleshy texture and are very popular with birds.
The myrtle or mortella prefers the Mediterranean climate, being a typical species of the Mediterranean basin. If the climate is too cold, it is advisable to protect the plant. This plant develops mainly where the climate is mild and withstands well even periods of drought, while it is not very resistant to frost.
Myrtus communis grows in any type of soil as long as it is permeable. In fact, it is necessary to ensure good drainage, since the myrtle is very much affected by possible water stagnations that could affect its health. It is advisable that the soil is not rich in limestone and if you intend to grow it in pots you can buy the appropriate land in one of the many garden centers in the area.
Myrtle needs full sun for optimal development, even if it adapts to the shade of the undergrowth. It is not affected by the dry and hot climate, as it should be protected from cold temperatures. In this case, it must be placed in a sheltered area and when temperatures drop, if it is not planted in a pot, but in the ground, it is necessary to adopt protections that allow it to withstand the harsh climate.
The Myrtus communis should be fertilized every fortnight from May to September with liquid fertilizer diluted in water. The best type of fertilizer for this type of plant must be rich in nitrogen and potassium so that it is guaranteed the best development and contribution of all the necessary nutritional elements.
This tree multiplies by seeds, to be spread in spring and autumn, using a rich and light substratum which will allow the germination of the seeds; or the reproduction may take place by cutting in June-July.
In March, we cut off messy branches and branches damaged by the cold.
Diseases and pests
Myrtle is a resistant shrub that is unlikely to be attacked by pests and diseases, but is not always immune to their attack. In this case it is useful to use insecticide substances that help to counteract the attack. The leaves of this plant can also be attacked by fungi that cause the darkening and subsequent yellowing. One of the diseases that most frequently can affect the myrthus is the powdery mildew or white malt that can be contrasted with the many products on the market.
Myrtle, Mortella – Myrtus communis: Varieties
– Full bloom characterized by double flowers.
– Mycrophilla has the smallest leaves of the species.
– Tarentine with more compact foliage and whitish fruits.
– Variegated with variegated leaves of white or cream.
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- Myrtle is a typical shrub of the Mediterranean basin. It grows spontaneously on the coasts, in central Italy, mere
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