These plants should be grown in the garden, in a sunny place; they can bear the half shade. They don’t fear the winter cold or the summer heat either.
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They are generally satisfied with the rains, even if it is good to water sporadically during the hottest months of the year. There are compact, dwarf varieties that can be grown in pots; in this case, let’s remember to water the substratum when it is well dry, from March to October. Towards the end of the winter, spread at the foot of the plants a slow release granular fertilizer, or a mature manure.
It is cultivated in the common garden land, preferring well drained, clayey and alkaline substrata, the specimens grown in pots are to be repotted every 2-3 years. The Lilac plant is easy to grow because it adapts to any type of soil. For an optimal growth, however, prefer a slightly acid substratum. The soil must be fairly fresh and very rich in organic and natural substances.
It multiplies by semi-woody cutting with heel, to be taken in summer, and is planted in a mixture of peat and sand, but the rooting is difficult. The most used method of reproduction is the bud graft on the typical local species or on the privet. The Syringa Vulgaris, produces several suckers and it is therefore possible to divide the heads.
Lilac’s bacterial disease manifests itself in brown spots on the leaves and the shoots blacken and dry out. The downy mildew is manifested by brown and irregular spots on the tips of the shoots and on the bark. Pyrethrum-based products eliminate insects that ruin the leaves.
Variety Lilac – Syringa
There are different varieties of lilacs, both wild and hybrid. Among the best known, syringe vulgaris, the common lilac, originally from Europe, syringe villous, originating in Korea and crosslinked syringe, originating in Japan and Mongolia. Among the hybrids we remember the Syringa diversifolia, the syringa persica and the syringa prestoniae. These hybrids are obtained by crossing the syringa vulgaris with the villous variety and other hybrids.
The lilac is planted from September until May. The operation must in fact take place away from cold periods and strong frosts. If grown in open field, the plant should be buried in a hole at least half a meter deep. Before planting, the soil must be worked, hoeed and fertilized with mature manure. The plant sold in pots is to be removed from the container and immersed for a few seconds in a bucket of water to moisturize the ground bread.
The roots that protrude from the outside of the ground bread are then gently removed and buryed. At this stage, the upper part of the plant must coincide with the surface of the soil.
The lilac has to undergo a particular repotting operation, that is to say the transfer from the container to the ground. This rule applies to potted plants. These specimens must be transplanted in the open field after about three or four years. In the event of overgrowth, repotting or transplanting may be carried out every two years.
The lilac is not a plant that presents particular needs of fertilization. Usually we can use a mature manure to be buried at the foot of the same during the autumn. In the absence of organic fertiliser, only chemical fertilisers for flowering plants or roses should be used. These fertilisers should preferably be given in the spring. Fertilisation of the plant should take place monthly.
However, the percentage of macro and micro fertiliser elements varies according to the season and climate of the area in which the plant is grown.
Even when it comes to pruning, lilac does not have any particular requirements. It is advisable only to proceed with the removal of wilted flowers and parts that appear dry or damaged. Sometimes it is possible to remove even the branches that are weakening. This last operation must be carried out from October. In the first year of life of the plant is also recommended to remove the flowers to allow the strengthening of the root system.
The lilac is a plant that is characterized by the beauty and color of its flowers. They can change shape and colour depending on the variety. The flowering period varies considerably from one species to another. The flowering period is however included in the late spring season. Flowers usually appear between May and June. Some varieties flower in early May, others in mid-June.
This species is a highly decorative plant that can be grown with individual specimens or combined with other plants. The best combinations of lilac are obtained with climbing plants such as the clematis, with staggered flowering species such as the weigelia, and with plants that flower together with this variety. Among these we suggest the May balloon, or vuburnum opulus, also called “snowball”, which in May produces large white flowers similar to a snowball.
Lilac flowers are used to produce floral decorations to give as gifts or to wear in case of ceremonies. White flower varieties are usually used to create wedding bouquets. To create fabulous bouquets, the flowers should be cut in the morning. Cut the base of the stem and dip the flowers in a bucket of water. This technique favors the good hydration of the same and their duration. The bouquet with these well hydrated flowers can last up to ten days.
Lilac – Syringa: Significato
I flowers of this plant occupy a prominent place in the language of flowering plants. The white or cream ones indicate purity, while the coloured ones have different meanings according to their nuance. The yellow variety, for example, means having your head in the clouds, while the purple lilac, on the other hand, represents the breakdown of the engagement. In other places, purple flowers express falling in love or an intense feeling of love.
However, their meaning is always positive, as some ancient legends show. One of these legends tells that fairies loved to live among the flowers of lilac. According to fairy-tale myths, fairies used to plant this flower to purify places infested with evil.