The genus crataegus includes about two hundred species of deciduous trees and shrubs, originating in Europe, Asia and North America; they have an erect habit and produce a disordered crown, the shrubs reach the 3-4 metres of height, the trees reach a maximum height of 6-8 metres. The leaves are dark green, deciduous. In spring, the Hawthorn, Crataegus Laevigata, produces small flowers with five petals, white or pink, simple; there are many hybrids with showy flowers, often double or oversized.
In summer, the flowers are followed by oval, red berries, which usually remain on the plant throughout the winter. The fruits are edible, and can be utilized for preparing tasty jams.
The Hawthorn, Crataegus Laevigata is a rather rustic plant and does not need any particular attention for its cultivation. These plants prefer sunny or semi-shady locations; most of the species don’t fear the cold. They are very vigorous and robust trees and shrubs, resistant to bad weather and pollution, they are often used in road trees. Obviously, the different conditions of exposure will influence the growth of the plant and its leaf development.
With a sunny exposure the hawthorn will have more strength and will produce a more lush flowering.
- Japanese spire is a very interesting plant for gardening lovers. They are not very demanding shrubs, easy to cultivate, fast growing and, at the same time, very easy to grow.
- Name: Crataegus oxvacantha L. Family: Rosaceae. Common names: spi of the lendena, spiazzo, paddle, may, pruno aguzzo, pà d’asen, but white wrinkle. Habitat: among the bushes up to the slopes…
- The hawthorn (crataegus oxyacantha) is a shrub belonging to the family of Rosaceae, whose name comes from the Greek “kratos” which means strength, “oxus” sharp and “anthos” flower….
- The hawthorn, also commonly called crataegus oxyacantha, is a thorny tree native to Europe that can reach a maximum height of eight meters and a diameter from one and a half meters to five meters.
The hawthorn, Crataegus Laevigata, is a rather resistant plant and, usually, the different varieties are satisfied with the rains, but it is advisable to water, in summer, the specimens recently planted, waiting for the soil to dry up perfectly between one watering and the other. Obviously, it is useful to make a distinction between plants placed in the ground, and specimens grown instead in pots.
For the latter, the needs are different, as the land at their disposal is smaller and undergoes the drying process more quickly. When, on the contrary, the hawthorn is planted in full earth, it will be able to better exploit the humidity of the soil and its needs will be lesser. Obviously, in periods of greater drought there will be a need for more frequent watering to counter the effects of the hot climate.
The hawthorn, Crataegus Laevigata grow without problems in any soil, preferring a calcareous soil, not particularly rich in organic material, but soft and deep. The ideal soil for this plant should be well drained, to avoid possible dangerous stagnations of water that could damage it and should allow the free development of the roots, so as to have a higher growth.
Hawthorn – Crataegus Laevigata: Variety
C. Coccinea native to North America is a small tree with an expanded crown, formed by thorny branches. The leaves are dark green, oval, toothed at the edges and turn red in autumn. It blooms in May with white flowers. The fruits are red and roundish.
C. Crus-Galli is native to North-East America, five to nine meters high, the branches are thorny, the leaves oval and serrated, dark green, shiny, in autumn become red. In June white flowers appear; throughout the winter from red fruits
C. Monogyna has origins in Europe, is five to seven meters high, spiny shrub branched, the leaves are shiny, light green with serrated edges. In May it blooms, the flowers are white and fragrant; the small bright red fruits ripen in autumn.