The genus euphorbia counts about 7500 species of plants, of these only 800-900 are succulent plants, the rest are shrubs, perennials or medium-sized trees. Among the many species there are a few dozen that are perennial plants, or evergreen shrubs of the garden. Usually they have a rather vigorous development; they constitute ample tufts, with erect stems, scarcely ramified, with lanceolate or oval foliage.
The colours of the foliage are various, from the dark green of the E’ amygdaloides, to the pale green, streaked with white of the E. marginata. During the spring, summer and autumn produce characteristic inflorescences, consisting of small greenish flowers, subtended by round bracts, red or orange, but sometimes white or yellow. The species are many, some are evergreen, such as E. characias, others lose their foliage in winter, or during the hot days of summer.
These are usually plants of easy cultivation, which develop from 30-40 cm of the perennials, up to 120-150 cm of the most vigorous rushes.
As far as exposure is concerned, most euphorbia species prefer bright, sunny positions for a few hours a day, but sheltered from direct light during the hottest hours of the day. Some species particularly like the shade, such as Euphorbia amygdaloides. Most of the species do not fear the cold, then there are countless hybrids, very resistant to the frost, which usually do not lose their foliage.
Given the vastness of types that are included in the genus euphorbia garden you can certainly find the one that best suits the climatic conditions.
- Usually, the most known euphorbias, those we think about when we hear the name of the genus, are succulent plants, in reality, the genus euphorbia counts hundreds of species, spread in America, …
- The genus Euphorbia is very broad and heterogeneous, this genus includes shrubs, succulent plants, plants with spines similar to columnar cacti, plants with spines similar to globular cacti; the many…
- I bought a Christmas star in mid-November.
I keep it at home, in the living room on a shelf. The temperature of the apartment is about 21C. Since the first week it has been drying out and it has been drying out for a long time.
- The genus euphorbia counts several hundreds of species, more hybrids and cultivars cultivated by the lovers, spread in the wild in a good part of the world, especially in Africa and in South America; there are …
Garden euphorbia plants prefer medium watering, from March to October, with little or no watering during the winter period. There are many exceptions, it is good to inquire on a case by case basis at the time of purchase. In general, they water in the vegetative period, allowing the soil to dry up well between one watering and the other, in fact, it is good to check that there is no water stagnation that could compromise the health of the plant.
The advice regarding the type of soil to be used for the best growth of the plant, is to cultivate the garden euphorbia plants in soil rich in organic matter, soft and loose, very well drained. The specimens cultivated in container are to be repotted every 2-3 years, in order to allow them to develop better.
Check that the type of soil used is light and allows perfect drainage, so as to ensure the best possible development of the plant.
The multiplication of the euphorbia plants usually takes place by division of the heads, in spring. Evergreen species can be multiplied by cutting at the end of summer.
Obviously it is necessary to understand what variety the multiplication process is performing to understand which is the best methodology.
Garden Euphorbia – Euphorbia: Parasites and diseases
generally this type of plant is rather rustic and resistant and is not attacked by pests and diseases. The plants of this species fear only water stagnation, which promotes the development of root rot, which also irreparably compromises the health.
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