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The plants of Athyrium filix – femina, also called female fern, are very rustic and resistant and have no particular problems in the cold season.
For the best possible exposure, place in a shady or semi-shaded place; a few hours of morning light can considerably improve the colour of the cultivars with variegated leaves; usually they are not afraid of the cold, but sometimes they can be damaged by the wind, therefore it is advisable to choose a sheltered position, for instance against a wall or at the feet of trees or shrubs.
A good part of the species is deciduous, therefore in winter it goes into vegetative rest, in case of very rigid temperatures it is possible that the aerial part dries up completely, to come back again in spring.
- epiphytic fern native to southern Australia; of the genus platycerium do belong some ferns, all epiphytic, diffused in Australia and southern Africa; in the wild, they develop on the trunk and on the branches of the …
- It is a genus that includes many species of herbaceous plants belonging to the family of ferns, originating from Asia, Africa, Australia and the American continent. They have thin stems and are…
- Originating from tropical Asia and the Pacific Islands.
Height 0.6-l.2 m, diameter 30-60 cm. ASPLENIUM NIDUS is in nature an epiphytic species that grows on trees: from this is derived its name…
- The genus counts two hundred species of ferns, some rustic may be cultivated in the garden, others in the greenhouse and in the apartment. They are used as ornamental plants for their light and decorative foliage.
Like most ferns, also the Athyrium filix – femina needs regular watering, but they are afraid of water stagnations; we therefore suggest keeping the soil slightly moist, avoiding excesses, especially for what the specimens grown in containers are concerned. Check that the substratum remains humid, without exceeding because the stagnations of water harm the plant.
In autumn and early spring, bury organic fertilizer or slow release granular fertilizer for green plants at the foot of the plant.
The female fern plants particularly love the acidic, loose, well drained and humus-rich soils; to cultivate in a substratum formed by two parts of peat, two parts of leaf mould and one part of sand. Being rustic plants, the plants of female fern may be buried also in soils having different conditions, in this case the plant will have a lesser development.
The female fern plants produce many spores, which are ripe when they have a paper-like appearance and detach easily from the plant; they are sown in spring, in a compound formed by sand and peat in equal parts; the young small plants are cultivated in container in a sheltered place for some years before being able to be planted. In spring and autumn, it is possible to divide the tufts, the portions thus done are placed directly in the plant.
Female fern – Athyrium filix – femina: Parasites and diseases
Female fern plants sometimes suffer from chlorosis and root rot, which can be caused by excessive waterlogging.