The barberry or berberis have thin stems, very ramified, which carry small oval or lanceolate leaves, of a pale green, dark green or purple colour; the evergreen species have leathery and glossy foliage.
Most species have sharp spines along their branches, making them suitable for the preparation of defensive hedges.
In spring they produce small clusters of yellow, whitish or greenish flowers, usually hanging.
Among the many varieties and hybrids, there are various types of bearing, from the medium sized shrubs, tall up to 150-200 cm, to the small shrubs, which reach, at the most, the 40-50 cm; there are also prostrate and creeping varieties.
Among the most cultivated, we remind Berberis thumbergii, shrub with deciduous or semi-evergreen leaves, of dark green colour, the variety “atropurpurea” has dark purple leaves, whilst the variety “aurea” has green-yellow leaves; B. buxifolia is evergreen, with oval leaves, leathery; B. frikartii has lanceolate leaves, of dark green colour.
The berberis prefer the sunny positions; however, they can be placed also in a semi-shady place, but they do not like the complete shade.
Evergreen varieties adapt very well to different types of exposure and are able to develop even in shady areas, the specimens with deciduous leaves, however, if not exposed to the sun will not develop the typical characteristic coloration of the foliage, as is the case when planted in sunny areas.
Most species are not afraid of the cold.
- Name: Berberis vulgaris L.Harvest: Fruits in autumn, leaves between June and July.Properties: Diuretic, febrifuge, antihemorrhagic, aperitif, tonic, hypotensive, laxative.Family: …
- The genus berberis counts hundreds of species, spread all over the world, in zones with temperate climate, from Asia to North America, from Europe to the cool and mountainous zones of South America. Between…
- Tree of the family Berberidaceae, the barberry is scientifically called Berberis vulgaris and its name comes from Greek, the language in which it means shell; its petals, in fact, form the basis of a…
I barberry they are to be watered regularly when the soil is very dry, especially during the periods of prolonged drought; if the rains are abundant, the berberis do not need watering, especially in the case of specimens which have been planted for some years. For the younger specimens, it is useful to supply a greater quantity of water.
This type of plant is rather rustic and can be cultivated also in pot, but it will be necessary to take into account the greater needs of watering compared to the specimens planted in the ground.
Barberry trees need a very well drained, loose soil, rich in organic matter.
Berberis are rather rustic plants and can also adapt to sub-optimal conditions. Some varieties are less resistant and in the cold season it is advisable to place mulch material, straw or leaves on the ground surrounding the plant, which will help to protect the roots from the effects of colder temperatures.
In autumn spread around the plant organic fertilizer and in spring it is advisable to mix the soil of peat to perform a mulch that helps the development of the plant.
The multiplication of this type of shrub usually occurs by seed, at the end of winter, or you can perform the operation of multiplication by semi-woody cutting in August-September, at the end of summer. The new plants will have to be developed in pots, to allow them to acquire the right strength before being buried in the ground. For the first few years, more attention will be needed to ensure that the new plants are strengthened and invigorated.
Barberry – Berberis: Pests and diseases
Berberis are rather rustic and resistant plants, however, even this type of shrub can be affected by pests and diseases. One of the main diseases that can affect them is powdery mildew, the appearance of which can be facilitated by the humidity present in the environment. Aphids can attack barberries, but they can be countered in time if treated with specific insecticide products that will preserve the health of the plant.
The leaves can be attacked by Puccinia graminea, a fungus that causes rust spots on the foliage.
- Barberry, or Berberis vulgaris L., is a plant belonging to the Berberidaceae family. This shrub
Visit : barberry plant