This plant prefers positions in full sun, or in half shade; it doesn’t fear the cold and develops without any problems in the garden in the ground, even if it prefers positions sheltered from the cold winter winds. It is a rather rustic shrub which can adapt to different situations, even if in case of very harsh climate it is good to think about protecting it.
If you want you can choose to prune drastically the plant at its base in autumn, to encourage a more compact and vigorous development the following spring.
- Good evening, I bought 2 seedlings about 20-25 cm high of abelia grandiflora, and since I’m new to gardening I don’t know much about it, I wanted to know if I can, given the cold, already pintar…
- Abelia’s shrubby and evergreen plants do not require very constant irrigation. However, if the cultivated plants are still young, they need some more care. In fact, for…
The young plants of this particular variety need regular watering, adult plants can instead withstand a few days of drought without problems, in the period from March to October watering sporadically, once a week, with the arrival of cold drastically decrease watering, but without suspending them altogether, being the abelia an evergreen plant.
In the growing season it can be very useful to provide fertilizer for flowering plants dissolved in the water of the watering at least once every 15 days.
The abellies grow without problems in any soil, even in garden soil, but certainly a more abundant flowering and a more lush development will occur in soil rich in organic matter and very well drained.
When planting an abelia, remember to prepare a large hole, placing on the bottom of the coarse-grained sand, good balanced soil and organic fertilizer well mixed, so as to encourage a rapid rooting.
The multiplication of this plant takes place by seed, in spring; the abelia of the genus grandiflora multiply, on the contrary, by cutting, taking off some portions of the stem in spring, which are to be rooted in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts; the new plants are to be cultivated in container for at least a couple of years before being able to be planted.
Pruning is not necessary, but only pruning that eliminates the driest parts can be used; or, in the autumn, more drastic pruning to allow the plant to renew itself.
Pests and diseases
These plants are usually very rustic and are not frequently attacked by pests or diseases, but can be affected by aphids, to counteract them you can use one of the specific products available on the market or use natural methods such as an infusion of garlic soaked in water to spray on the leaves.
Abelia implant, what is the most suitable period?
Usually the abelia is sold in small pots, in every period of the year. As always for shrubs, the months of October and November are the best months for planting, but you can also proceed at other times while avoiding the scorching heat and frost. These two situations, added to the stress of the operation, could cause the plant to deteriorate or significantly slow down the vegetative recovery.
In mountain areas (with minimum temperatures around -10°C) it is advisable to postpone to February: the abelia is very resistant, but not completely rustic and the young plants need some additional attention.
It is not uncommon, at the end of winter, to find specimens for sale in supermarkets or DIY. Often they are seedlings with bare roots or with a small bread of earth, recently rooted cuttings, very delicate. Let’s buy them only if the branches are well vital and, possibly, as soon as you get to the point of sale.
To increase the chances of taking root, let’s avoid putting them immediately in the ground: the ideal is to transfer them into small pots and wait until we see the roots sprouting from the drain holes. At that point the plant will be safer and the subsequent development will be faster.
How to carry out the plant
First of all, put the pot in a bucket with lukewarm water for at least 10 minutes: we will release the roots more easily, without damaging them. In the meantime, let’s dig a hole at least 30 cm deep and place a good quantity of pelleted manure on the bottom or, better, horn-rail and cover with a light layer of soil. Let’s insert the plant leaving the collar a little higher than the ground level; let’s fill it with the extracted soil mixed with a substratum for flowering and a little compost.
Let’s compact well and distribute at least 6 litres of water, then continue assiduously for at least the first two weeks.
If we want to create a hedge we leave from 50 to 100 cm distance between one plant and another depending on the final size of the specific cultivar.
Maintenance of the Abelia, fertilization
They are quite autonomous plants, but by giving them some care we will have a more lush and harmonious growth, as well as more abundant blooms.
The abellies to give their best they want a soil rich in nutrients and good texture. This is achieved by spreading abundant pelleted manure, compost or organic soil improver over the entire canopy area in autumn. At the end of winter we can supplement it with a slow release granular with a high potassium content as a stimulus for flowering. We follow a light hoeing and abundant irrigation.
A second administration, in June, can be useful, especially in the youngest specimens, to obtain a good vegetative growth in anticipation of the following year.
Pruning of the abelia
The most common abeliae are hybrids of the group x grandiflora and in our country they can be deciduous or semi-deciduous depending on the climate. For this type of plant, the ordinary intervention required is minimal; moreover, when blooming on the branches produced in the previous year, there is the risk of losing the production of buds.
The advice is to intervene at the end of winter, but only to eliminate sick, crossed or disordered branches. It can happen that, with the years, the specimens become woody at the base: we operate then at the end of the flowering with a rather drastic cut: we will stimulate the renewal.
Evergreen species, such as the floribunda, sensitive to the cold, are cultivated almost exclusively in the South. Also in this case, the interventions, to be done in summer, are minimal: shorten the protruding jets and eliminate the withered inflorescences.
Variety of Abelia
Only the hybrid of grandiflora is widely diffused in commerce, but it is worth considering also other species rich of charm, in particular that of Mexican origin, suitable for the mildest climate regions of our country.
Usually, being native to the mountainous areas of the Far East, they are suitable for the whole of our country. Some hybrids of grandiflora are, however, more delicate and it is good to inquire specifically, in particular if we live in high ground.
Abelia chinensis is a medium-sized, deciduous, expanded shrub. The pinkish-white flowers appear in summer and are collected in large apical cobs. Beautiful is the cultivar “China rose”, with more pinkish corollas, lasting and extremely perfumed.
Abelia x grandiflora vigorous and resistant shrub with dark green leaves, ovate. The flowers, tubular, are apical, collected in cobs and scented.
On the market are found many cultivars: “Canyon Creek”, remarkable for the new bronze coloured leaves, “Francis Mason” with slower growth and golden leaves with green splashes, “Hopley” young green leaves with yellow margin and then cream, “Kaleidoscope” leaves with wide yellow margin which, in autumn, are coloured of warm nuances; “Prostrata” dark green and purple foliage in autumn, enlarged carriage, tall up to 60 cm; “Sherwood”, one metre tall, has small leaves, abundant and lasting flowering;
Abelia ‘Edward Goucher” very rustic, up to 2 meters high, has reddish foliage in the spring and abundant flowering in shades of lilac.
Abelia mosanensis beautiful arched shrub with bright green leaves and very fragrant white flowers, loved by bees. Very rustic
Abelia triflora large shrub with beautiful bark and large dark green leaves. In summer it produces a large amount of small white flowers extremely fragrant. Very rustic.
Abelia floribunda from Mexico, evergreen shrub with dark green leaves and red flowers hanging in early summer. It can grow up to 3 meters high and 4 meters wide.
Abelia: Use and matchings of the Apostles;Abelia
L ‘abelia is suitable for different locations and combinations. Its strong point is undoubtedly its robustness and autonomy: after the first period of rooting it is the ideal subject for gardens with low maintenance, requiring neither pruning nor frequent irrigation.
We can use it as an isolated specimen, but also, depending on the size of the cultivar, in groves, in mixed borders or as a background of rocky gardens. It is also an excellent element for creating mixed or pure hedges. It goes well with spireas, domestic nandinas, osmanthus, cotoneaster and coloured bark cornelian.
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- The abelia is a shrub belonging to the family of Linneaceae . The genus abelia is made up of about twenty sp
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