The garden of the house, if properly cared for, can become a private oasis for a moment of relaxation. In addition to the furniture and plants, another element can further enrich your green space: the pond. But you have to start by making a small premise. We often talk about a pond and a pond as if they were the same thing. In reality, there are differences between the two. In fact, the pond is shallower than the artificial pond, just think that its maximum depth reaches half a meter.
It also has a richer vegetation, which can float on the surface or be submerged. The pond can therefore be seen as a real microcosm populated by its own flora and fauna, for whose good survival it is good to respect some rules. For example, the size of the pond should not be too small, because the amount of water that can contain depends on the life of the beings living in it, also affecting the ability of flora and fauna to react to changes in temperature without suffering damage.
How to make a pond in a home garden
To make a pond in your home garden with the DIY technique is good to follow a few small rules for success. First of all, it is essential not to make it in masonry, rather it is preferable to move towards the realization with a sheet in PVC easily available on the market. First of all we need to find a strategic point where to place it, usually the lowest point where the water would naturally tend to collect.
In addition, the size of the space available in the garden must be taken into account. Once this has been done, the pond bank is marked and the desired depth is excavated, at the end of which any residues that could compromise the laying of the sheet must be removed. Before laying the sheet, it is advisable to place a layer of sand on the bottom of the hole, which will act as a cushion. After positioning it is necessary to anchor the edges of the sheet with the use of garden rocks.
Finally, a layer of substrate and rocks of various sizes should be placed on the bottom to provide a habitat for the plants and fauna of the water surface.
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How to furnish and popular a pond
After having prepared the sheet in the bed of the pond you must proceed to the furnishing. To fill and embellish it you can arrange along the shore of the substrate, plants, ornamental rocks. As for the population of the pond in it can live together various specimens of flora and fauna. The plants can be submerged and floating (or hydrophite) or semi-floating (elophyte). These adorn the edge of the pond and contribute to the oxygenation of the water.
The most used aquatic plants are reeds, water lilies and tife. As for the fauna in general consists of animals that live in shallow water or even on land. You can insert fish, frogs, turtles, beetles or even geese, depending on the space available. Lighting and temperature are key factors for the flora and fauna. The photosynthesis of the plants depends on the light, so the presence of floating plants, involving areas of shade, will hinder this process in submerged plants.
The temperature must then be kept under control, especially in summer to preserve plants and animals in the pond.
Tin: How to carry out maintenance
The first aspect to always take care of is the cleaning of the water, since it contains living creatures. To do this, floating dead leaves must be regularly removed because they could compromise the correct oxygenation of the water, especially in winter. For the same reason it is useful to make sure that in the cold season a plate of ice is not formed on the surface. This can be avoided by leaving some tree trunks floating inside the pond.
Maintenance should be carried out annually, in the period between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. This is to ensure that the pond animals are still active and not hibernating, and can move away freely during operations. Moreover, the smaller the water basin is, the more often it needs to be maintained.
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