The majority of fruit plants grown in the family orchard do not need large pruning, simply remove branches that are too small, twisted and damaged, or that already show signs of disease; in general, let’s avoid pruning the cherry tree, which tends to suffer particularly pruning; let’s prune in a calm way apricots, European plums, apples, especially if they are adult plants. More pruning should be done on Japanese plums, on excessively high branches of pears, on peaches.
In any case, let’s avoid removing large branches, rather let’s shorten the present ramifications.
After cleaning the soil of leaves and twigs we spread at the base of the stem of the good mature manure and bury it by hoeing the soil, in this way we also raise the weeds and remove them.
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- Defending against pests of various kinds will be one of the most important operations for the maintenance of your lawn, if it is affected. The treatments that you will have to do will vary, of course, according to your needs.
There are not many parasites that most easily attack fruit plants, and the symptoms are clear and easy to detect.
A good preventive treatment, which cleans the plants from the dormant forms of fungi and small insects, is carried out at the end of winter, before flowering, when the buds are still dormant: the Bordeaux pulp is used; that is, a compound based on copper and sulfur, also allowed in organic farming.
Other treatments are carried out before flowering or when the flowers are completely withered, but only if you see the parasites already present on the plant. In any case, insecticide or fungicide products should not be spread in the air at the time of flowering, in order to avoid disturbing, or even killing, useful insects.
Treatments in the orchard: Treatments fruit plants
Further treatments based on insecticides or on copper and sulphur are carried out only in case of evident infestation, always after the flowering.
If the season is humid and lukewarm, with cool nights, remember to spray the plants with sulfur after the rain, to prevent the spread of the bubble, a typical disease of the peach tree, which also affects other fruit trees.
Against many insects we can find on the market an insecticide completely harmless to the environment, it is the bacillus turingensis, this bacillus is harmless to humans, small animals and fish, but is very harmful to many harmful insects, and even mosquitoes.
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- Treatments of fruit plants are necessary to have a healthy and productive orchard, even in the case of a small
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