Usually it is used as rootstocks for plum, the mirabolan that gives the plant a remarkable development and a good longevity. The productivity is excellent and has no particular needs of soil. Another rootstock is the plum San Giuliano which has an excellent affinity for grafting, a good productivity. For the Chinese-Japanese plum varieties, the peach tree is also used as rootstock, which has a good affinity and makes the plant very productive, but less long-lived.
Other interesting rootstocks are the franc, which behaves very well and allows you to have healthy and vigorous plants and the Pixy. Depending on the type of rootstock chosen, you will get plants of different heights and suitable for substrates with variable characteristics.
- Plums are an ancient fruit, present in the wild in about 300 species, widespread throughout the northern hemisphere, the fruits commonly called plums come from various cultivars and orchards.
- congratulations for the site would like to have some information on the old varieties of susino.la thank you in advance …
- The plum plant is commonly grown within the orchards, thanks to its production of delicious fruits, there are different varieties that can adapt to the best in relation to the production of the…
- I planted a plum in the garden about a month ago. I would like to know how long I have to wait to see at least the leaves. and then how much the tree will grow and how it will look great when it will ripen.
European plum plants are in most cases self-fertile, however the presence of different varieties greatly increases the production of fruits. Many Sino-Japanese varieties are self-sterile, so it is often necessary to plant two or more varieties that can fertilize each other, of course it is essential that they bloom at the same time. In many cases plums, after flowering, produce more fruit than the plant is able to bring to maturity.
In order to obtain a good production, it is recommended to thin out the fruits.
As for many other plants, also for the plum we suggest to use organic fertilizers, such as manure or manure, during the period of vegetative rest, whilst in spring-summer, we can use fertilizers. NPK This means that it is based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and should not be used during the hottest and driest periods.
The animal parasites that most attack plum are in particular aphids, which grow on the ends of the shoots. There are also possible attacks of cochineals that, if present in a massive way, can cause a general weakening of the plant with damage to the fruits. Another parasite that causes significant damage is the plum moth, which lays its eggs in the leaves and fruits, causing them to fall early.
The fungal pathogen to which plum is subject is the corine that produces stains on the leaf that necrotize the tissues leaving them perforated.
Forms of farming
At full wind
Plum is a typical full wind tree (natural growth). It is possible to form the canopy on a medium stem at about 120 cm, or on a high stem at about 180-200 cm.
Starting from a sucker of one year just planted, you must immediately cut it to the desired height after which, the following year, you will keep at least three branches that will have to be shortened to 20-25 cm from the starting point, these in turn will produce other branches that will also be shortened. This will strengthen the trunk and the branches that grow later will be sufficient to form the final canopy.
Subsequently, only thinning out of the inside of the canopy and the elimination of dry or damaged branches will be carried out.
To form the pot it is necessary to plant a one year old sucker and cut it 40-50 cm above the ground. At the beginning of the second year, at least four vigorous branches will be shortened to 30-40 cm, keeping them away from the centre, which in turn will give other branches of which only the external ones will be preserved.
Shorten these branches again so as to further strengthen the plant, after which the growth will be left free by doing only a few pruning thinning eliminating the disordered branches.
With palmette or espalier
This type of shape is very useful if you want to decorate walls or fences. in this case you must plant a one year old sucker cut at 50 cm from the ground and the following year keep at least four branches, arranging them on two floors and anchored to a support, which can be an iron wire supported by two posts at the sides of the plant or a lattice. For this type of shape it is recommended to use varieties of low or medium development.
Plum – Prunus domestica: Plum
For the cultivation of prunus domestica it is good to respect some indications about the exposure and the type of soil; this plant is quite rustic and resistant, so much so that during the period of vegetative rest it can bear temperatures as low as -15 °C without any particular damage. The planting of these plants should take place in the autumn, before the temperatures drop and there is a danger of frost.
The best soil for the cultivation is the one rather rich of organic substances, draining and not too much heavy, even if, seen the rusticity of the plant, the prunus domestica can grow even in compact soil with a high percentage of clay, but it is essential that the substrate does not allow the formation of water stagnations that could cause root rot. This variety adapts well to different environmental conditions and can resist even in warm environments.
To have an abundant harvest, the exposure must be in full sun. It can be damaged if late frosts occur. For young plants it is advisable to proceed with constant watering, especially during the hottest periods of the year. The harvesting of the fruits changes according to the variety cultivated; it can be said that it goes about from June to September.
- Prunus domestica, the European plum, is a plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. European plum preserves
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