Peach tree cultivation
It is a fruit tree cultivated for centuries around the world, where it has adapted in temperate climate zones. It prefers well-lit and sunny locations, with a good soil very well drained; it is a completely rustic plant, as in winter it is in vegetative rest and can thus withstand even very harsh temperatures.
At the end of winter it is advisable to fertilize the soil around the peach tree, with slow release fertilizer or with a well mature manure; further fertilizations can be carried out during the ripening of the fruits, to improve their size and taste.
The availability of water is fundamental for the peach tree, they are plants which do not tolerate the drought, and therefore it is necessary to water them during the warmest months, especially when the fruits begin to swell; a scarce watering during the ripening of the fruits leads to an excessively firm and compact product.
Peaches ripen from July to September, depending on the variety, so it is important to prepare to water them during the hottest and sultry weeks of the year.
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Among the fruit plants, the peach trees are those that need more cultural care because they are attacked by many fungal parasites and animals.
Surely the parasite that most worries in the orchard is the peach bubble, a fungus that occurs in spring, when hot and dry days are followed by cool nights and periods of heavy rainfall.
The peach tree is also attacked by some types of viruses and bacterial diseases, by aphids, cochineals, red spiders.
In general, serious damage is prevented by sulphur or copper-based treatments as early as the end of winter, to prevent the development of fungal diseases. As far as animal parasites are concerned, the plant is expected to be attacked to treat it.
Let’s remember that it is advisable to avoid treating the plants during flowering, in order to avoid moving away from or knocking down even the many useful insects that frequent the flowers; the fruits are generally edible after at least 15 days from the last treatment carried out, so let’s avoid treatments when our peaches have almost reached maturity.
Peach – Prunus persica: Peaches in herbalist’s shops
As with other fruits, peaches contain vitamins and minerals easily available to the body, for this reason, and for the sweet and aromatic taste, are consumed worldwide, raw or in the form of compotes, jams, in fruit salads.
Peaches and apricots are also used in cosmetics and herbal medicine, where the shells of their stones are crushed and used to prepare exfoliating products of great effectiveness.
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