What do you collect in November? How to store the product?
The November harvest may still be rich, but less varied than in previous months. In the north and inland areas, kiwis, persimmons, chestnuts, medlars, some varieties of table grapes and figs ripen. In areas with a milder climate, however, it is time to proceed with the collection of olives from the oil mill and many citrus fruits are beginning to be available.
In the storage rooms in the previous months we will have accumulated fruit and vegetables capable of being maintained throughout the winter (in particular some varieties of apples and pears). They should be checked at least every 3 days, consuming immediately those that have reached maturity or are damaged. If we have enough space we can arrange the food on tables, well spaced and with the petiole down.
- This activity can be completed from October to November depending on our climate and the crops present. In general, it is advisable to remove the braces and wash them thoroughly:…
Irrigation and fertilization
Irrigation in almost the entire peninsula is not necessary: rainfall is sufficient to ensure the livelihood of the trees. A moderate contribution may be necessary on citrus plots, but only in case of prolonged drought and loose soil.
The distribution of fertilisers is important. Due to the low temperatures it is possible to use manure that is not completely mature, especially on adult plants: the risk of burning is low and we will have a greater supply of nitrogen.
In very demanding pome fruit crops, synthetic fertilizers with a high phosphorus and potassium content are distributed. Rainfall will encourage penetration even in the presence of grass or heavy soil.
Late autumn is the best time to plant new trees: during vegetative rest, the plants will not suffer damage and will take advantage of the winter to begin to develop the root system.
The ideal climate must be cool and with frequent rainfall: let’s avoid proceeding if the ground is frozen or expected to freeze.
Before buying the saplings, let’s make sure that they are healthy; if our orchard is a small family orchard, let’s put in plants that have a gradual ripening, in order to always have a harvest. We also choose varieties suitable for our climate and grafted on subjects suitable for our soil.
It is advisable to start by ploughing the entire plot in the previous months, incorporating a lot of cattle and horse manure. Let’s make sure, before planting, that there is a good drainage: if necessary, let’s add material to improve it.
It is the ideal period to carry out preventive treatments against pathogens. In general, it is recommended to treat the bark with special products (such as white oil) to minimize the wintering generations. During the autumn it is also important to do at least two treatments against persistent copper-based cryptogams. In the absence of vegetation, it is possible to spray even those subjects (such as peach trees) for which the phytotoxicity is high.
Winter frost can cause damage, especially to newly installed specimens and those more sensitive to low temperatures and wind. The root system can be protected by abundant mulching based on soil improvers or plant debris. The trunk can be covered with insulating material (blankets or straw). If the winter wind is frequent, and the plants are sensitive, set up barriers or plant suitable hedges.
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