July is the central month of summer: it is characterized by great heat and dryness. In our country, however, is one of the periods in which the vegetables give a rich and tasty harvest. Of course, there are also many processes: it is a matter of doing maintenance on the plants present, to make the collection, to monitor them carefully. However, it is important to look already at autumn by inserting new seedlings and dedicating oneself to sowing.
July is usually a hot month: temperatures are high and rainfall is low if not absent. However, this is also the ripening period of many vegetables and the water requirement is more important. The most demanding plants will need daily distribution or at most every other day. It is best to irrigate early in the morning; evening is also fine, but there is a danger of fruit splitting if the soil is still hot.
We recommend using drip irrigation systems; alternatively, let the water flow into the furrows and avoid wetting the leaves. Mulching, made of polyethylene or vegetable material, is an aid: it reduces evaporation and keeps the roots fresh. For some mature vegetables (melon, watermelon) irrigation must be reduced to encourage the accumulation of sugars.
- July, from this point of view, is a very rich month: we have all the typical summer fruits, but in many cases you can still harvest the spring ones at late ripening. We would like to point out that…
Weeding, tamping and trimming
Weed control requires constant application: by preparing a mulch we can avoid it, obtaining other advantages as well. If this is not the case, it is important to hoe the base of the plants at least three times a week, avoiding damage to the stems.
In this period it is also essential to devote oneself to the tamping of different crops: we point out celery (especially if white), thistle, Brussels sprouts, beans, fennel, eggplant, pepper, pea, tomato.
The work of chipping the tomatoes of indeterminate growth continues: leaving a single stem we will have tastier fruits and more tidy plants. Other plants, on the other hand, give their best when they are well tended and have many secondary and tertiary jets: melon, watermelon, cucumber. The same practice is however useful when the plants have reached the desired height (pepper, eggplant, tomato).
Maintenance and pests
It is useful to eliminate the lower leaves of tomatoes, peppers and aubergines: being in contact with the soil and humidity are the first to get sick, and then transmit the disease to the rest of the plant. To help the ripening it is also good to remove the leaves above the fruits: they will receive more light.
We carefully monitor the aromas (especially parsley and basil) that begin to go into seed. Regularly removing the apex will help us to keep them productive for longer. Salads also have this tendency, but the only remedy is to pick them up quickly: let’s replace them with summer varieties.
We continue with products for the prevention of cryptogams, distributing in the evening or in the morning. We immediately eliminate compromised parts. We control parasites with macerated or short deficiency insecticides.
The vegetable garden in July: Sowing and planting
In July, the autumn garden begins to be set up. We will then have to buy ready seedlings or devote ourselves to sowing.
Among the plants to be planted are carrots, chicory, green beans, aubergines, peppers and chilies, cabbage and radicchio. Let’s remember to renew the salads and zucchini so as to extend the harvest until October. In the southern regions, tomatoes (late ripening and hanging tomatoes) can still be placed in the open field or in the greenhouse.
In this month, sowing is carried out outdoors, in honeycomb trays or directly indoors (especially for vegetables with delicate roots). Until 15 July, we still sow beans, beets, beans, early fennel and Treviso radicchio. Throughout the month you can proceed with chard, parsley, radish, zucchini, Catalonia, endive, escarole, radicchio.
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