In spring and summer it produces small white flowers, very perfumed, which often appear in small bunches, in the foliar armpit; the flowers are followed by some fruits, even a few dozen on each plant, of small size. As we said before, Fortunella margarita has oval fruits, 3-5 cm long, of a pale orange or yellow colour; Fortunella japonica, on the contrary, produces roundish fruits, similar to tiny oranges.
The fruits of kumquat have a poorly juicy and often sour pulp, and a very aromatic and sweet skin, are then consumed whole. They are eaten raw, but they are also very appreciated for the preparation of jams; kumquats are excellent for preparing candied fruit, with the fruit used whole.
Cultivation of kumquats
The kumquats are definitely more rustic plants compared to other citrus fruits, more common in cultivation in Italy; they can bear without problems winter temperatures close to -10 ° C, even for prolonged periods of time. This is because, whilst lemons and oranges continue their vegetative cycle also in winter, the kumquats, in the autumn and winter months, ripen the fruits, but suspend the production of flowers and shoots, thus entering a period of semi-rest period.
They are grown in a sunny, or semi-shady, well ventilated place, and with a rich and soft soil, not excessively alkaline.
- Kumquat (also known as Chinese mandarin) is a citrus fruit, belonging to the family of Rutaceae. The real botanical name is actually Fortunella (from the English scholar, Fortune, who introduced it to the …
- Hello before the winter I bought a Chinese mandarin the first 2 months was very well did a lot of fruit then began to curl the leaves when it arrived cold and snow …..
- Hello, I live in Rome and I have a plant of kumquat in a pot placed on a balcony with sun exposure and protected from winds.For a few months I realized that the tops of the leaves, even the most young, taken from the…
- The kumquat is a citrus fruit, of Asian origin; once it was classified under the genus citrus, in the japonica species; further researches have moved the kumquat in the genus fortunella; today it is…
Fortunella margarita cultivation
Very often, the kumquats are cultivated in pot, also because the small size of the fruits allows to graft these fruits on miniature trees, tall even only 50-80 cm.
In fact, these citrus fruits would also be well suited to cultivation in the open land, in most of the peninsula. They need watering from April to September-October, while it is possible to suspend watering during the cold months.
At the beginning of spring let’s spread at the foot of the shrub the mature manure, or the slow release granular fertilizer, specific for citrus fruits.
Although it is a rustic plant, in areas with very harsh winters, it is advisable to cover the plant in winter with non-woven fabric, or place it in a sunny aiola, near the house, which protects it from the winter wind.
Kumquat – Fortunella margarita: Pests and diseases
They are rather resistant plants that can resist even to the climatic changes. In case of cultivation in warm areas and with little humidity, the Kumquats can be attacked by cochineals and red spiders. For the elimination of the problem, more common in potted specimens, it is possible to use special insecticide products, based on pyrethrum. To eradicate the red spider, it may be sufficient to increase the degree of humidity, a factor not tolerated by these pests.
Plants of this variety may also show signs of ferric chlorosis due to a soil poor in nutrients. For this reason, in the season from spring to summer, it is good to intervene regularly with the supply of fertilizer.
- Kumquat (also known as Chinese mandarin) is a citrus fruit, belonging to the family of Rutaceae. The real botanical name
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