The flowers are followed by round fruits, the size of which is similar to that of a lemon or an orange; the fruits are commonly consumed in South America, Asia and North Africa; they have a slightly acidic taste, and more or less sweet depending on the species or variety. They are often eaten raw, sometimes seasoned with salt or spices. More commonly with the fruits of guava are produced jellies, juices, jams, which are prepared with ease thanks to the high content of pectin of the fruits.
As with other fruits, non-fully ripe fruits are strongly astringent. Usually, the fruits are green, become yellow, orange, red or brown when ripe; there are also varieties with green fruits even when ripe, the ripening is noticeable when the rind becomes soft to the touch.
The flesh can be white, green, or even pink; the pink fruits are also used to prepare salty dishes, as if they were tomatoes.
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These fruits are a very important food in the main areas of production, as they contain many minerals, a lot of vitamin C and few calories. They are therefore an important food; the ancient inhabitants of Central America used the entire plant, from the foliage they obtained medicinal infusions and decoctions, thanks to the antiseptic power of the active ingredients contained in the plant.
The guava is also cultivated in Italy, in areas where citrus fruits are grown, such as Sicily. In coastal areas with a mild winter climate, the guava can be found in the garden; this fruit is often grown in places with slightly harsher winters because it can be safely placed in a pot, where it maintains a fairly small size, never exceeding 2 meters, in this way the pot can be moved to a sheltered place in case of frost.
In fact, the guava can stand cold quite well, but, like a lemon, it fears intense and prolonged frost: the winter stay in a cold greenhouse or sheltered by a terrace, can be more than enough in much of our peninsula.
Guava – Psidium guajava: Guava plant
The guava develops without problems even if cultivated as an apartment plant, then moved into the house at the arrival of autumn; specimens that are not exposed to a cool winter climate but tend to produce few fruits, or even not to produce them.
In general, the plant should be kept in a sunny place, sheltered from the wind, in a rich and well tilled soil, very well drained.
It can easily withstand drought, but it is advisable to water the plant regularly when it begins to produce fruits, to prevent it from struggling to grow.
The plants are obtained without difficulty also from seed, of which the fruits are rich; a plant obtained from seed can begin to fructify within 2-4 years; plants of this type produce at the base continuous suckers, which are to be eradicated to improve the development of the plant, it is also appropriate to quench the branches at the end of winter.
If damaged by frost these plants can be pruned at the base, to allow the development of new suckers and a rapid recovery of the entire tree.
- Among the most interesting fruit plants we also find the one that takes the name of Guajava, but that more often we are ab
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