Chinese Mandarin – Orchard – Citrus fruit growing

The Chinese mandarin is a rather demanding plant in terms of water supply. Especially in the early stages of growth, it is necessary to ensure constant and regular irrigation without sudden changes and without exaggeration. Cultivating it in a pot, we will have to verify the position and, if in the chosen location it does not receive the rains because, for instance, it is under a portico, we will have to intervene artificially every time that the soil dries up on the surface.

Watering must always be generous, but the excess water must flow completely to avoid the formation of stagnation that could damage the plant. The Chinese mandarin grown outdoors should be watered if the rainfall is not enough. Every week we will make sure that the plant receives the necessary irrigation that we will intensify when the first flowers appear.

Pianta asiatica

Cultivation techniques

Pianta mandarini cinesiChinese mandarins can only be grown from seed if we have specific gardening knowledge, so we can later graft them to produce a precise variety. Otherwise it is better to buy a plant already grown by a shopkeeper or at a nursery. We can choose a Chinese tangerine that already has the fruits, having only to repot when necessary. During the growth of the plant we will have to prune it using a sharp tool, so as not to ruin it.

The best month for this operation is May and we will intervene by cutting sharply the dry branches that do not have flowers. We can also try to give a better aesthetic appearance to the canopy pruning it according to personal taste. Pruning also allows for better aeration.

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The ground

Vaso giardino Chinese mandarins need a light soil, which can perfectly drain atmospheric precipitation and irrigation without creating puddles. So we will have to prepare in advance the land where we will go to transplant it. We will hoe and splash vigorously, adding a fertilizer of mature manure and compost home. Then we will mix more soil and cover, having verified that the substrate is soft.

At the time of transplanting we will proceed with a further fertilization that will help the plant to resume the vegetation. The hole where we will put the plant should be at least twice as large as the block of soil contained in the pot. We will plant the Chinese mandarin and gently compact the surface. For what concerns the cultivation inside the pots, instead, we will have to repot every 3 years at the end of spring.

Chinese Mandarin: Climate and adversity

Mandarini cinesi The Chinese mandarin also develops quite well in our climate, although it is a plant that comes from Asian countries. It can be successfully cultivated in both coastal and hilly areas, at all latitudes of the Italian peninsula. However, where the climate is more rigid, it is better to choose the cultivation inside the pots. Temperatures below zero could irreparably damage the Chinese mandarin and even icy winds are poorly tolerated.

Therefore, it is recommended to protect the plant with a special gardening fabric and to withdraw it in a more temperate and sheltered place. In the south of Italy, on the other hand, the plant can be grown directly on the ground without any particular precautions. The ideal location is all in the sun. To combat major adversities you can buy specific pesticide products, especially for cochineal.

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