Annual cycle of fruit plants – Orchard – Annual cycle of fruit painters – Orchard

pianta di mele

Evergreen plants

pianta olive Species SEMPREVERDI do not have a resting phase: on the contrary, they show an annual cycle consisting of the discontinuous vegetative period. Some organs of the plant, both deciduous and evergreen, have a SVILUPPO DEFINITO or, in other words, in the arc of the year, they are born, grow and detach from the tree, such as, for example, leaves and fruits.

Other organs (shoots, branches, branches, trunk and root system) have instead SVILUPPO INDEFINTO and then develop annually throughout the life cycle of the plant. The development of plants of any species depends on the interaction of environmental factors with endogenous mechanisms. Among the environmental factors, the most important are: water and nutrient availability, photoperiodism and timing.

Among the endogenous (internal) factors, the following are important REGOLATORI by CRESCITA o ORMONI VEGETALI more properly called FITOREGOLATORI ENDOGENI .

  • noce Plant of very ancient origins, coming from the regions of South-West Asia. It is a very vigorous tree, which can reach up to 30 meters in height. It has deciduous leaves, each leaf is composed of a single…
  • ciliegia A plant of Asian origin, widespread in Europe since ancient times, the cherry tree can be divided essentially into two different species: the sweet-fruited cherry tree and the sour-fruited cherry tree. The…

  • nespola The Mespilus germanica is a shrub or small tree native to Europe and Asia, with deciduous leaves, not very long-lived, which in old age can reach 4-6 m in height. The bark is gray…
  • pesche The Prunus Persica is a plant coming from Persia from which derives the Latin name “persica”, it grows spontaneously also in China. The peach tree is a fruit tree of modest size, in the form of a…

Fruit plants

prunus domestica Fruit plants, of course, also have an annual cycle that derives from the genus to which they belong. For a good cultivation is essential to know what are the cultural needs of the plant and what are its growth phases, if a fruiting plant has deciduous leaves, it is good to know that it needs a period of rest in winter.

In some cases, for fruit varieties to be cultivated in temperate climates, it may be necessary to provide appropriate protection of the canopy and root system with special mulching materials, if the winter temperatures are rather cold. It is also good to remember that many varieties of fruit, when they bear fruit, already have a germination dedicated to the preparation of the plant for the following year, so you must provide all the nutrients necessary for the best development.

Annual cycle of fruit plants: Annual cycles

fiori di ciliegio It is good to know that each annual cycle depends on the previous one and influences the next; if the fruit production is abundant and the plant is in a soil not very rich in nutrients, it is likely that germination for the next year will be poor, resulting in a limited harvest. In order to get the best from your plant it is essential to know its needs and intervene with targeted operations to ensure the best environmental conditions.

Each annual cycle is linked to the previous one and the next, so it is essential to verify that all the requirements regarding exposure, soil and fertilization are met, to maintain a proper balance between the different phases of vegetation, so that there is no imbalance.

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