stenocereus are a few dozen succulent plants originating in Mexico. They usually grow up in dense groups, at first erect, then falling with the age; some species, like S. pruinosus, are, on the contrary, erect, scarcely or not at all ramified; S. chrysocarpus has erect stems, very ramified, which reach even the 3 metres of height.
Usually, the stems are long and narrow, of a dark green colour, covered by big greyish thorns; in summer, they produce numerous delicately perfumed flowers, of a candid white colour, which open by night. In late summer, many species produce large round, fleshy, edible fruits. S. eburneus has a grey stem, which becomes purplish-brown with the first colds. S. eruca has very prostrate stems, creeping, when they touch the ground, they root and the old plant dies. S.
gummosus has long erect stems, which, stretching out, prostrate up to the ground, where they root, branching abundantly.
Exposure: these cacti, like many others, prefer very sunny locations. They fear the cold and therefore in winter should be withdrawn in a temperate place, although they can occasionally withstand short frosts.watering: throughout the growing season, from March to October, need abundant watering, but only when the soil is very dry. With the arrival of the autumn thin out the watering, until they are almost completely suspended for the winter.
In spring and summer, provide fertiliser for succulent plants dissolved in the water of the watering every 10-15 days.
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Stenocereus: Useful information
Soil: the stenocereus need a very well drained soil, you can prepare an ideal substrate by mixing common universal soil with sand and perlite, taking care to prepare the bottom of the pots of lapillus or expanded clay.Multiplication: in spring you can sow the seeds extracted from the fruits of the previous year.
In summer it is possible to practice apical cuttings, even if often we proceed by detaching from the mother plant the ramifications which have already rooted, placing them, therefore, in a single container. Parasites and diseases: pay attention to the mites and to the cochineal.