family that includes about 20 cactaceae originating in South America, usually roundish in shape, or briefly columnar, slow growing. Some species grow solitary, others grow in groups, usually all have very decorative thorns and in summer produce large colorful flowers, tubular, elongated, yellow, white, red or pink, with very large corolla. When the flowers wither the matucana produce small fruits that contain numerous seeds, usually fertile.
like a lot of shit and matucana prefer very sunny and bright locations, even under direct sunlight, do not fear sunburn, in fact, in winter should be hospitalized inside, as they fear the cold, for a better flowering is advisable to ensure a certain period of time at temperatures not too high, around 10 ° C, for this reason it is preferable to store them in the greenhouse rather than indoors, or in a bright room not heated.
during the vegetative period, from April to October, it is good to supply water in good quantity, waiting however for the soil to dry up between one watering and the other, preferring small frequent watering, to abundant watering rarely supplied. In the cold period, it is good to suspend almost completely the watering, providing water about once a month, or even less. In the summer period, add fertilizer for cacti every 15-20 days to the water of the watering.
a compote for cacti is very good; however, prefer light and sandy soils, very well drained, to avoid root rot and the entire plant.
from the ripe fruits, the seeds are extracted and are to be sown fresh in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts, to be kept humid, in a not very sunny place, till when the germination has taken place; the small plants are to be repotted the following spring, or even during the winter, if the growth allows it.
If desired, they can be kept till the following year, for sowing them in spring; in this case, we have to remember to add to the seeds a fungicide, in order to avoid the formation of moulds which would render the seeds unusable.
Matucana: Pests and diseases
too much watering and very moist soil cause root rot. Be careful with aphids and cochineal.