The common belief is that succulent plants should never be wet. This is not at all true: let’s find out then how and when to water our rare succulent plants. The watering of succulent plants varies depending on the temperature: above 15 degrees Celsius on average, it will be necessary to water them at least once a month, below five degrees Celsius on average, the irrigation must be suspended.
For all cases of indecision, we can rely on the good old habit of controlling the humidity of the soil: when the surface layer is completely dry, it is time to give water to our plant. Some specimens, such as the Mammillaria pectinifera, grow naturally in desert areas and do not develop stems larger than a few centimeters, for this reason they require reduced amounts of water. On the contrary, the Obregonia prefers abundant watering, especially in summer.
Taking care of rare succulent plants
Unlike other variants of succulents, rare succulent plants need more attention that respects the fragility of the specimens that makes them so rare and precious. A first important element is the choice of the pot. The dimensions must adapt to those of the plant, allowing an adequate development of the roots, but without exceeding, risking to cause stagnation of water very dangerous for the plant. The genus Ariocarpus is one of the most fragile and complex to cultivate correctly.
For this type of plant it is advisable to use an elongated pot that allows the roots to develop in depth. A plastic pot makes the moisture content of the soil more uniform, allowing the roots to develop properly. A further precaution is to surround the collar of the plant with inert material such as gravel that filters the moisture quickly avoiding stagnation.
- Growing succulent plants at home is not at all difficult, as these are species that do not have specific needs and do not require special care. However, this does not detract from the fact that the…
- a group that includes dozens of evergreen succulent plants from Europe, America and Asia. They appear as dense rosettes of fleshy leaves, mostly rounded, sometimes alluding to the fact that the leaves are…
- Generalities: Native to South America, includes twenty-five species of column cactus.Trichocereus Spachiana The Trichocereus Spachiana is native to northern Argentina. It has a very good deportment….
- this genus is composed of a single species of columnar catus native to South America, found mainly in Argentina and Bolivia. It has an erect stem, very ramified, which has a very…
How to fertilize rare succulent plants
Like all plants, succulent plants also need chemicals that provide the right nutrition to support growth. Many substances, such as oxygen, hydrogen, carbon and calcium, are already naturally contained in normal irrigation water and in the soil of the pot without the need for integration. On the contrary, everything else requires the use of a specific fertiliser. The main substances required are potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.
However, each variety of rare succulent plant requires different dosages of these three elements. The specimens belonging to the family of the cacti, such as the Ferocactus glaucescens, for instance, are native to areas where nitrogen is little present in the soil, for this reason it is not necessary to provide much of it, unlike plants with green leaves which require a greater quantity.
How to treat rare succulent plants: How to prevent and treat diseases
There are three possible causes of suffering for succulent plants: cold, excessive humidity and poor lighting. Each of these conditions is recognizable by the particular symptoms: the cold causes cracks in the stem, the humidity makes the plant yellowish, while the lack of light makes it appear dry and fragile.
The prevention of these three conditions is simple, you should keep the plant in a dry environment, free of draughts, possibly exposed to the south side of the house and water only when the soil appears dry. Even pests such as cochineal and fungi can threaten our green friends. To avoid this, regular treatments should be carried out in spring and winter, i.e. at the beginning of the two main cycles of the plant’s vegetative life.
Another good habit is regular repotting of young plants every year and of mature plants every four.