shrub with a succulent stem, of medium size, originating in central and southern Africa; this genus has long since become wild also in Central America. It has thick, well branched stems, woody in the lower part, cylindrical in shape; the young branches are succulent, light green in colour.
The foliage is very small, and develops along the stems, without petiole, climatic conditions such as intense cold or prolonged drought cause a sudden drying out of the foliage, which will be produced again with more favorable climate. The flowers are produced in summer are small and insignificant, subtended by small yellow or green bracts.
A shrub of euphorbia thugs grown in the open land can reach 4-5 meters in height and as many meters in diameter, the specimens grown in pots are generally kept below 100-150 cm in height. If desired, it is possible to grow the the euphorbia tirucalli as an apartment plant. When cut, the plant emits a slightly toxic latex if it comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes.
like most plants that develop in a sub-desert climate, also this euphorbia loves sunny positions; the more hours of sunshine it receives per day, the more the plant develops healthy and free of diseases or insects. The specimens grown in apartments should be placed near the windows, so that they enjoy direct sunlight.
They are afraid of frost, therefore in areas with a harsh winter climate they need to be grown in pots, so that they can quickly move the container to a sheltered place when the winter frost arrives.
these plants, like mo, the other succulents, are well adapted to drought, and can survive even many days without receiving watering; water only when the soil is decidedly dry for a few days, and only in the period from April to September; let’s avoid that the plants grown outdoors receive water during the cold season.
It is essential to provide the plants with a very well drained soil, which does not retain moisture for long; a mixture of peat, sand and lapillus is used in equal parts. They can develop even if kept in a container with a small quantity of substratum, but it is advisable to change the pot and choose a bigger one at least every 2 years.
is done by cutting; cuttings of euphorbia thugs often do not root because of the abundant latex they emit, for this reason it is advisable to let the cuttings dry a few days before rooting them in a soil consisting of peat and sand in equal parts.
Euphorbia thugs: Pests and diseases
fears the development of cochineal.
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