The Echeveria must be watered, but without leaving any water stagnation and without wetting the leaves. To avoid these unpleasant drawbacks, it is best to immerse the pot in water for a few minutes to allow the soil to absorb the moisture that the plant needs. Watering should therefore be carried out when the soil becomes dry and in winter should be significantly reduced in relation to the temperatures. It is also good to avoid stagnation in the saucer that could cause root rot.
Echeveria should be repotted in the spring if its roots have already used the space available. If black or greyish roots appear during the operation, they must be removed with sterilised scissors. Then, sprinkle the wounds with a fungicide and finally repot and water with immersion after a week.
How to cultivate
The Echeveria plant can be cultivated by seed, by cutting or by suckers. If you choose multiplication using seeds you could get plants not identical to the original, however, the sowing can be done in pots from January to March on a soil of sand and soil wet with water. Drain the water off the surface and place the seeds on the ground without burying them. Afterwards, just spray a little water to make them stick better.
Then cover with plastic to maintain the ideal temperature and prevent the soil from drying out immediately. Check the humidity of the soil every day by removing the condensation that has formed. The pot must remain in the shade and at a temperature of 18 ° C until germination. When the seeds germinate, remove the plastic and as soon as the plants are able to be transplanted, they must be moved to their pot and treated like adult plants.
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How to fertilize
The Echeveria must be fertilized in spring and summer every 4 weeks with a liquid fertilizer to be mixed with water for watering. While in autumn and winter it is better not to fertilize the plant because the Echeveria in this period goes to rest, therefore an additional fertilization would accumulate in the soil thus damaging the roots. The best fertilizer is with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus and trace elements, which are essential for the proper development of the plant.
The Echeveria should not be pruned, but the leaves are removed dry or damaged, also the beautiful plant gives us beautiful blooms in spring and summer with rather showy red or pink flowers in the shape of a bell and the edges of yellow. Needless to say, although it is a succulent plant, the Echeveria must be taken care of, so it is good to dispel the belief that you should not pay much attention to plants of this type.
In fact, they also need tricks and shrewdness to develop and grow at their best.
Echeveria: Exposure and diseases
The Echeveria loves air, so it is best to position it in places with frequent change, especially in summer. It is not subject to particular diseases, but it too can suffer from rottenness caused by excessive or too frequent watering, or if the plant loses some leaves it means that the temperatures are too low, so it is good to find the right position. When the green of the plant fades it is better to water a little more.
Echeveria fears some parasites such as brown or floury cochineal to be removed with cotton and alcohol if the plant is in a pot. In the open air, on the other hand, the specific pesticide is used. Always use terracotta pots to let the earth breathe and arrange the drainage at the bottom, and the size of the container should be wider than deep because the roots of this pretty plant develop in width.