shrubs, or small trees, originating in southern Africa, once classified in the genus Cissus. They have a succulent stem, which, with the years, forms a wide caudex, in nauta it can reach the 80-90 cm of diameter, with a total height of the plant of 2-3 metres; in container they keep within a smaller size, but the caudex tends to develop very much also in pot.
The thick foliage is formed by big oval or lanceolate leaves, of green or bluish-green colour, thick and leathery, at times finely indented; in summer, it produces small insignificant flowers, of yellow-greenish colour, followed by clusters of fleshy fruits, of red-orange colour, very poisonous. With the arrival of the cold, the leaves dry up and fall, often also in the specimens cultivated in the house.
place in a sunny place, avoiding full sun in the hottest months of the year. Usually these adult plants can bear a few degrees below zero, therefore they can be grown in cold green houses; the young specimens should be kept at home, at 10-15°C minimum during the night.
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From March to September, water regularly, leaving the soil dry between one watering and the other; during the winter months, avoid watering plants kept in cold greenhouses; specimens grown indoors should be watered sporadically, about once a month. During the vegetative period, provide fertiliser for succulent plants, mixed with the water of the watering, every 15-20 days.
cyphostemma prefer very well drained soils, not too rich; if we want to prepare an ad hoc substratum, we mix two parts of universal soil with two parts of washed river sand and one part of pumice or lapillus stone with a fine grain size. These plants develop quite slowly, therefore they do not need to be repotted too often.
Cifostemma – Cyphostemma juttae: Multiplication and parasites and diseases
Multiplication: by seed, in spring, keeping the seedbed moist and in a place protected from the sun’s rays. It is also possible to propagate these plants by stem cutting, but the new plants will hardly develop a caudex.
Parasites and diseases: Cochineal sometimes lurks under the leaves.