information on pruning and other – Bonsai Questions and Answers

see also: pruning of fruit plants

Ficus

Response : information on pruning and other

Dear Matteo,

since you are very interested in the health of your new bonsai, I suggest you look for some ‘news on the internet: bonsai is an art, and as such you can not give a few tips to make sure that you can grow the best of your plant, or rather, there are some tricks that will allow you to keep the bonsai alive and healthy, but for example the size of the leaves is just an indicator of how much care and dedication are dedicated to a plant.

Bonsai enthusiasts generally periodically prune their plants, provide special fertilizers, water with great regularity, and repot bonsai every year, pruning even the roots, only through all these practices, repeated over the years, you get bonsai with tiny leaves (unless you find the trick to choose a plant that already has very small leaves in nature, this is not the case of ficus unfortunately).

Ficus bonsai are very common because they survive quite well the climate in the apartment, tend to recover even if damaged, and in nature are large trees vigorous, so starting from a small plant you can get fairly quickly something that looks like a bonsai; in fact you see around, in shops of all kinds, from supermarkets to DIY shops, ficus bonsai of all shapes and sizes, which are often not yet real bonsai, because they are very young, and an experienced bonsai notes it immediately, but if you received the bonsai as a gift, it could also be an old plant, purchased in a nursery, you can ask for information about your bonsai even to those who gave it to you: if it is a bonsai with many years certainly at the time of purchase this figure was indicated by the seller, even just to motivate a very high price for a tiny plant.

In any case, first of all, it is important to try to keep this plant alive; if it has a dry branch, with the bark now dead, then remove it at the base, using special shears for bonsai, which make a concave cut, so that the result is more pleasing to the eye, and not a sad stump.

The problem that more often the ficus have to face in apartment is tied to the ambient humidity, which is always decidedly lacking; in winter, the heating system, in summer, the sun and the possible air conditioning, contribute to dry up a lot the air. For this reason, first of all it is good to place the plant away from heaters, fireplaces, air conditioners, stoves; then periodically we will go to vaporize the leaves, at least every 2-3 days.

Besides this, we can place the pot on a layer of gravel, so that we can always leave water in the saucer, without this going to impregnate the ground. Watering is important: you will have to avoid that the soil stays dry for long time, but also to keep it permanently soaked; the ficus water when the soil is dry, which can mean once every 10 days in the middle of winter, and once every two days in the middle of summer.

If possible, in summer, avoid leaving the plant in the house, move it to the open air, in a shaded area, but where it receives at least part of the rainwater. Once this is done, start doing some research on the internet, or in a bookshop, to learn the art of bonsai, so as to take care of your plant in the best way.

  • Ficus elastica In nature, the ficus elastica is a large tree, which reaches 25-30 meters and grows in the tropical forests of Asia, in pot has erect habit, poorly branched, and reaches 200-300 meters.
  • Ficus Benjamina Ficus benjamina belongs to the Moraceae family and is native to Southeast Asia and Oceania.

    It is a tree that can reach 30 meters in height where it is endemic (or in areas with climates of up to …

  • Ficus deltoidea It is a shrub or a small evergreen tree, native to central-southern Asia; in the wild, the adult specimens keep their dimensions close to the 2 m of height. They have thin stems and ramify…

  • Ficus australis Evergreen tree originating in Australia and New Zealand, the ficus australe or ficus rubiginosa can reach 8-10 metres high in the wild, but in a container it can be kept within 2-3 metres of height.

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