Bonsai is a type of cultivation of stem plants, born many centuries ago in China and then exported and perfected in Japan later. The term means to grow in pots. To be able to maintain a bonsai is certainly appropriate to properly care for the pruning of roots that expand in depth, as well as providing for periodic repotting and pruning of the branches to maintain properly the characteristics.
Bonsai must have particular properties to be defined as such: the conicity of the trunk, the small size of the leaves and a general naturalness of the plant. In the East, the bonsai technique is considered a union between art and nature and must follow basic principles that also reflect the correct characteristics of each plant.
The bonsai (Features)
To be able to correctly evaluate a bonsai you should consider 5 key points: the root system, the trunk, the branches, the leaves and lastly the apex. The roots should be arranged in a radial pattern and the part of the root that will penetrate the soil should be visible. The trunk should be straight and sinuous, wide enough at the base and thinner proceeding towards the top.
The branches should be arranged in such a way that the larger ones extend to the back and sides, leaving the smaller ones frontally. The leaves should be kept to a very small size, giving the correct amount of water and fertilizers and proceeding with the stapling of the apexes or defoliation. The apex should be vital and not broken.
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Bonsai could be obtained using a variety of different methods: from seed, cutting, layering, nursery plants, plants harvested in nature (banned in Italy) or pre-bonsai. The method by seed will be the most natural and may take place either in spring or late autumn depending on the type. The ideal soil will be 50% sand and 50% peat. Using a cutting the procedure will certainly be more immediate, either using a woody cutting or using a semi-woody one.
The cuttings should be taken from another bonsai and kept moist at the end. The layering will be the quickest way to get a bonsai, but you will have to choose a suitable branch and use the best technique to grow the roots on that branch.
Bonsai care: The Ficus Ginseng
Ginseng is the Ficus retusa that is cultivated with bonsai. The plant has a wide and enlarged stem with voluminous and knotty aerial roots. The leaves tend to widen and it will be quite difficult to keep them as small as the technique requires. It is an evergreen plant, which will develop continuously throughout the year. To grow, the plant needs the right amount of moisture that should be supplied artificially, since the air in the apartment will be dry so they must be vaporized.
Watering should be regular and stagnant should be avoided. It will be important to fertilize properly because the ginseng will require a lot of mineral salts. This bonsai fears pruning and it is important to do it on small branches.
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- As with all plants, even the red maple bonsai does not stand the excess water, which could cause rottenness r
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- The Ficus retusa (or Ficus microcarpa) cultivated with bonsai is called ficus ginseng, because the plant develops a
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