a genus that brings together about 50 species of epiphytic orchids, mostly climbing, originating in Central America, also cultivated in most of the Pacific islands to use the fruits for the extraction of the well-known aroma of vanilla.
The flowers are big, perfumed, of yellow-greenish colour, united in racemes formed by 10-15 buds, bloom one at a time at the axil of the long leaves, remaining open for about 8-10 hours; the blooming lasts about one month, depending on the number of flowers produced by a plant. In nature, the vanilla plants tend to grow a lot, climbing on the trunks of the trees; in the countries where a single plant is cultivated, it can produce hundreds of flowers.
The fruits are long greenish pods containing hundreds of small black seeds.
The vanilla orchid needs very bright positions, but far from direct sunlight that could irreparably damage the petals and leaves of the plant. In winter it is advisable to keep the plant at home, but always in a bright place, possibly near a window. During the summer it can be moved outside, taking care to place the container under a tree or a shrub, so as to keep the plant protected from the too hot rays of the season.
It is advisable to place a guardian in the pot so that the plant can develop better towards the other and show all its beauty.
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- Vanilla is a spice, obtained from the fruits of an orchid, which is in fact called vanilla, and is grown specifically to take the long dark pods strongly aromatic; in Europe, it is used in…
- The vanilla plant is native to Mexico but grows spontaneously throughout the territory of Central America. It is a climber belonging to the large family of orchids. …
- The Vanilla plant is an orchid native to Mexico. Its scientific name is Vanilla planifolia and from its fruits is produced the perfumed spice known as vanilla. For this reason it is …
These orchids grow in tropical, very humid places, so we should always be careful to keep the substrate moist, but without leaving the pot in contact with the stagnant water, this to avoid water stagnation and the formation of root rot. Rather, let’s place the pot in a tray full of expanded clay, which should always be kept moist. Spray the leaves often with distilled water to increase the ambient humidity.
Provide specific fertilizer for orchids at least once a month during the period of greatest growth, from March to October, to be administered dissolved to the irrigation water.
The species of vanilla orchid are plants are epiphytes, i.e. they grow on the bark of other plants and this is one of their particular characteristics that distinguish them from other species. To obtain an ideal soil we must therefore use specific materials for orchids, such as osmunda fibre, sphagnum or the bark of non-resinous plants.
It is advisable to repot the plant after flowering, at least every two years; moreover, in order to obtain a more vigorous and compact growth and a better flowering, it is advisable to prune the vanilla immediately after flowering, shortening the branches by about ten centimetres. In this way our vanilla orchids can develop in an optimal way showing their fascinating beauty.
The multiplication of the vanilla takes place by cutting, utilizing, after the flowering, the pruned branches, which are to be rooted in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. The new plants are to be repotted in single containers the following year. Cuttings are in fact the most effective and economical method of reproducing a plant as it is possible to obtain seedlings identical to the mother one simply by using fragments of the branch of the original species.
Vanilla – Vanilla: Parasites and diseases
Be careful of cochineal and aphids that spoil the buds and leaves.
- The flowers of the vanilla orchid are green-yellow in colour and about 2 cm long. These last only one day and I have to
to visit : orchid vanilla
- Vanilla is a plant of the Orchidaceae family. Among the many species of vanilla, the most common are the “compartment
to visit : vanilla plant
- Vanilla is a spice, obtained from the fruits of an orchid, which is actually called vanilla, and is cultivated specifically for this purpose.
Visit : vanilla plant
- The vanilla plant belongs to the orchidaceae family. In nature there are different species, each one different from the other.
Visit : vanilla plant