A genus that includes about 5-6 species of epiphytic orchids, originating in Indonesia and the Philippines, small to medium in size. The long leaves grow smoothly, with the lower part partly wrapped around a short fleshy stem; the leaves are rigid, thick, shiny, bright dark green in colour. During the winter months, they produce inflorescences at the foliar axil, which carry numerous flowers, even more than 30, but in a number highly variable from species to species.
They have small dimensions, are usually of a pale colour, pink or yellow, with striae in contrasting colour; they have a delicate perfume and the petals are thick and fleshy. Usually, the inflorescences are similar to panicles, and hang downwards, this renders the tuberolabium very suitable for being cultivated in hanging containers or on bark rafts. Sometimes the flowers of Tuberolabium bloom in succession in a few weeks.
Position is a very important element to take into account when deciding to grow an orchid. Depending on the type of plant, it is advisable to choose an ideal place to provide our plants with the necessary light or the half shade they need to develop. The Tuberolabium should be placed in a partially shady place, but quite bright. It is important to avoid direct sunlight, especially during the summer months as it could cause irreparable damage to the leaves and flowers of the plant.
The minimum temperatures should never be lower than 15-18°C; otherwise, if they are to be lowered much, our orchid could have difficulty growing healthy and vigorous.
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These particular orchids should be watered regularly throughout the whole year, avoiding waterlogging and always waiting for the substratum to dry up slightly between one watering and the other. If the irrigations are too abundant, in fact, radical rottenness could develop, which could compromise the development of the plant.
When you decide to grow a plant, it is best to inquire about the type of soil that this plant needs. Each species needs a particular type of soil that provides the nutrients that the plant needs to grow and develop at its best. To best cultivate our tuberolabium orchid, use a compound for epiphytic plants, consisting of pieces of bark, plant fibers and sphagnum.
It is also useful to provide the plant with specific orchid fertiliser to be dissolved in the irrigation water and administered to the plant every 25 – 30 days. During the flowering period, stop fertilization as it is not necessary.
Reproducing an orchid is not so difficult but it is important to follow basic cultivation rules. The multiplication of the plant usually takes place by sowing during the spring season.
Tuberolabium: Pests and diseases
As for the diseases and parasites that could attack our orchid, it should be remembered that sometimes the mites and aphids can ruin the leaves and flowers of our beautiful orchid depriving it of the strength and vitality of all time. Another problem could be related to watering too abundant. When the watering is excessive, it is possible that the orchid develops radical rottenness.