It is a kind of epiphytic orchids, about twenty, originating in Central and South America. It has consistent pseudobulbs, of medium size, which produce one or two oval, elongated, fleshy, dark green leaves; in spring and summer, it produces small thin stems, at the apex of which a single flower blooms, in the shape of a cup, with the sepals enlarged and turned backwards.
The flowers of this trigonidium orchid are generally pale yellow, creamy yellow or sometimes pinkish in colour; some species have numerous dark brown or iridescent streaks of great visual effect. The bearing of the orchid Trigonidium is rather erect and columnar, shrub-like; during the whole year the leaves are always shiny and green, being an evergreen species.
The Trigonidium orchid loves very bright locations, but, especially in summer, it is good to keep it away from the rays of the sun that could irreparably damage the leaves and flowers of our beautiful orchid; it is a species that fears a lot the cold and the ideal temperature of cultivation is between 15-25 degrees, throughout the year, so it is good to protect it from the cold in winter and the heat in summer.
During the coldest months of the year it can be kept indoors or in a temperate greenhouse, leaving it even in full sun. Some species of maxillaria are native to mountain areas and therefore withstand temperatures even below 10 ° C but only this kind of orchids. For the other varieties, the rules seen above apply.
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The watering of our orchid must be abundant, but without leaving the roots and the pot in contact with the water for too long, so it is advisable to place the plant in a saucer filled with pebbles, perlite or expanded clay, taking care to always leave a little water on the bottom. To obtain a better flowering it is advisable to reduce the watering from the moment when the buds appear, until the flowers are completely withered.
Provide special fertilizer for orchids mixed with the water of the watering, avoiding exceeding with the doses and remembering that it is preferable to provide fertilizer several times in small quantities rather than provide abundant amounts of fertilizer sporadically.
The soil is one of the most important elements to take into account for the cultivation of our beloved plant species. This is because it is from the soil that plants acquire the main nutrients they need to develop and grow healthy and vigorous. These orchids need an ad hoc compound, consisting of bark, sphagnum and other light and incoherent materials, which help us to simulate the natural conditions of growth.
With this particular soil compound, our orchids will be able to develop at their best and show all their elegance and beauty.
The multiplication of the orchid Trigonidium takes place by division of the heads of pseudobulbs, which in spring can be buried in individual containers to obtain new plants.
Trigonidium: Pests and diseases
These varieties of orchids, as well as all orchids in general, can be attacked by cochineal and aphids. Use specific pesticide products to eliminate the problem.