This genus has about 25-30 species of terrestrial or epiphytic orchids originating in Central and South America. They usually have flattened pseudobulbs and form clumps of lughe leaves oval, thick, waxy, pointed and smooth, with a very marked central vein.
In spring, they produce a long stem carrying 5-7 large flowers, with a very pronounced labellum and rolled up on itself to form a sort of trumpet, often with a wavy edge; the sepals and the petals, in contrasting colour with the labellum, are elongated and thin and extend backwards. T. tortilis has a white labellum, with a golden yellow throat; sepals and petals are, on the contrary, dark and rolled up. T.
suavis has a white labellum with deep pink dots, with a yellow throat; sepals and petals are light pink.
Exposure is one of the most important factors to take into account when deciding to grow an orchid or any other variety of plant species. This is because the good or bad development of plants depends on where they are planted. Trichopilia orchids prefer bright positions, but do not tolerate direct sunlight, as this may burn the leaves or petals of the orchid and damage the growth of the plant.
The ideal temperature of cultivation is around 15-20°C, in spring trichopilia can also be placed outside, in the garden or on the terrace of the house, in any case better if sheltered under another plant or shrub, with the arrival of cold these orchids are brought indoors or in a temperate greenhouse, in a bright place.
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Water regularly, at least twice a week, keeping the substrate constantly moist, but not soaked in water, it is advisable to vaporize the leaves often with distilled water. In winter, reduce watering, keeping the substratum slightly moist. From March to October provide specific fertilizer for orchids mixed with water of watering every 7-10 days.
Which soil to choose for our Trichopilia orchids? For these particular plant varieties, use a mixture of balanced soil, broken bark, sphagnum and osmund fibre to ensure optimal drainage. Good soil quality is essential for the optimal development of our crops. This is because it is from the soil that the plants receive the main nutrients they need to live and develop.
The multiplication of the orchid Trichopilia takes place in spring when it is possible to proceed to the division of the heads of pseudobulbs, taking care to maintain a vigorous root for each portion practiced; the new plants are placed directly in a single container.
Trichopilia: Pests and diseases
Generally, they are not attacked by parasites and do not develop particular diseases. One thing is to be careful: always keep your irrigation under control. Excessive watering and poorly ventilated areas can lead to root rot and cochineal attack, a parasite that is particularly harmful to the plant. This, feeding on the sap contained in the leaves of the orchid, deprives it of the main nutrients it needs to survive.
Remove the pests with a cotton ball or use specific products for pests available from major nurseries and garden centers.