This genus includes about one hundred species of epiphytic orchids, native to Central and South America, usually grow in the pluvial forests at even high altitudes, and have contained dimensions. They can be divided in two big groups: the compact form has many rather small leaves, and produces several inflorescences, whilst the elongated form has a look similar to a climber, with long thin stems, and produces few long inflorescences.
In general, the flowers are small, waxy, similar in appearance to the glass flowers, have a triangular shape, with a fleshy centre, similar to the belly of an insect. In general, these orchids are only grown by true orchid enthusiasts, as the demands for temperature and humidity are quite difficult to replicate, and often these plants tend to be subject to many diseases in our latitudes. Species native to Central America are slightly easier to grow than cousins from South America.
Often these orchids are grown in terraria or in containers with controlled climate, because they need light not too bright and moderate enough temperatures, they can not tolerate more than 22-24 ° C, coming from places with fairly cool climate. It is very important to cultivate the telipogons in places with a good air exchange and with a constant humidity close to 80%, in order to guarantee to the orchid the ideal conditions for developing and growing in an optimal way.
Water regularly, keeping the compound quite humid, but not too soaked; it is also important to vaporize the plants often, in order to increase the ambient humidity; if you keep these orchids in places close enough to heat sources, it is best to place a container full of water near the pot. If desired, it is possible to give some fertilizer to these plants, using about a quarter of the recommended dose for the other orchids, not more than once a month.
It is good to remember to always use demineralised water, as the telipogons suffer a lot from the presence of harmful salts in the soil, like the chlorine often present in small quantities in the water of the aqueduct.
These plants are epiphytic, they generally live in the hollows between the branches of the trees and develop best on the barks of other plant species; the ideal compound is therefore constituted by small pieces of bark mixed with sphagnum and vegetable fibre. The soil is a fundamental element to consider when deciding to cultivate an orchid of this type. So be careful to choose the best soil for your plant.
The multiplication takes place by seed, using fresh seeds, this practice is intended only for experts given the very small size of the seeds and the difficulty of germination and cultivation of small plants, generally the telipogons propagate by division.
Telipogon: Pests and diseases
As far as diseases, parasites and problems that could damage the development of the plant are concerned, we remind you that telipogons are very subject to radical rottenness, therefore they need to be constantly monitored in this sense, since it is good to prevent their onset since it is difficult for a plant affected by rottenness to survive.