Lily of Peace
Abroad it is also known as the “lily of peace” or “moonflower”. It is spontaneous in areas with hot and humid climates, as most varieties come from the forests of Central and South America.
The most widespread in cultivation is the spathiphyllum Wallisii, originally from Colombia.
As soon as it was imported into Europe it quickly became popular because of its resistance and fast growth. In fact, it can quickly exceed 30 cm in height, although on average the specimens range from 60 to 1 meter, when they reach adulthood.
Another feature that has helped the spread is certainly the beauty of the leaves, very elongated, shiny and a bright green and bright. The arrangement of these leaves also gives the whole a dynamic and modern look, suitable for city environments.
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In our country the Spathiphyllum are grown exclusively as apartment plants, because they fear the cold, and prefer night minimums over 12-15°C. They can withstand unsuitable growing conditions, such as dark or shady positions, but to obtain lush plants and abundant blooms it is necessary to provide at least a few hours a day of filtered sunlight, avoiding direct sunlight to the plant.
This plant, in our latitudes, is mainly cultivated as an indoor plant or in any case to be withdrawn during the winter months. It can therefore only be kept in pots.
To grow well, it needs an average warm environment, rather bright and possibly with good atmospheric humidity.
To grow with its own vigour, the spatifillo needs a very bright exposure, but the light, especially from spring to summer, must never be direct. If it is excessive, it can cause burns.
In conclusion, we can say that indoors it is good to place it near a window, perhaps screened with a light curtain.
We always keep in mind that the part of the spatiphyll most exposed to light grows faster. To keep the specimen balanced, it is best to remember to rotate the vase every 15 days.
If during the summer we want to move the specimen outside we can place it under a pergola or in the shade of a deciduous tree.
However, it should be noted that it can also live in environments where light is scarcer. Generally it reacts rather well, slowing down only the growth and, of course, blooming a little less.
FOGLIAME E ALTEZZA
Pure white spathe flowers, very slender
It has elongated leaves and fine, lanceolate
Growth is rapid.
It is the most common variety on the market
The flowers are more oval and curled, cream-colored that become green with age
Wider leaves, 1 metre high, fragrant flowers
Usually it does not exceed the 30 cm of height
Very compact and dense with foliage
All terrains except those that are too compact
The spadix is very short and round, slightly wavy.
Very large and very white spathe, sharp and turning to green when ripe
The leaves have darker veins
There is also a variegated cultivar
Short green-yellow spadix
Very wide leaves
Green and cream spathe and elongated spadix of darker color
The foliage is cream stained. The main vein may be white in colour.
Throughout the year, water regularly, letting the soil dry slightly between one watering and the other. In the wild, the Spathiphyllum grow on the edges of ponds and streams of water; however, it is advisable to avoid watering the specimens grown in pots excessively.every 25-30 days provide fertilizer for flowering plants, in a quantity halved compared to that recommended on the package.
For it to grow vigorously and healthily, it must never be thirsty. It must therefore be irrigated regularly throughout the year. Generally an adult plant with average temperatures of 20°C needs 2-3 interventions per week.
In any case, let’s avoid the use of saucers and, on the contrary, let the water escape freely from the drainage holes.
An excellent method to irrigate this type of plant is by immersion: simply fill the sink in half and insert the pot leaving it there for about 10 minutes. Finally, let the water run away and let the excess water drain for a while before putting the plant back in its original position.
The flowering of this plant is almost continuous. Clearly there are periods when spats are produced more abundantly (especially in the summer months), but if the temperatures and ambient light in the apartment allow it, production will only be slowed down during the bad season. The flowers are pure white and very erect, on fine stems. They are similar to those of the anthurium (belonging to the same family) and in fact in some countries it is also called “false anthurium”.
Their growth, compared to the leaves, is rather slow.
The Spathiphyllum prefer a rich and soft soil, which can slightly retain humidity and even slightly acid; we can use balanced soil, mixed with a little crushed bark and a good dose of soil for acidophilic plants. For an adequate development of the plant we suggest growing it in large containers, so as to leave room for the new leaves. Repotting is done in late winter or early spring.
The substrate should always be rather moist, but never full of water. Permeability and perfect draining must therefore be guaranteed. Ideally, a drainage layer should be laid on the bottom of the container using materials such as glass beads or expanded clay.
We can then use a special compote for green plants, in any case with a good amount of peat and maybe a bit of perlite or pumice. Always leave a few centimetres between the surface of the ground and the edge of the pot. In this way the water will not overflow.
Spathiphyllum in nature are propagated by seed; indeed for us it is much easier to propagate them by dividing the heads of leaves, taking care to keep some well-developed roots for each portion practiced. The new plants thus produced are immediately planted individually, this operation is done in late summer or late winter.
How to divide it?
It takes place at the beginning of spring and is an operation that must be carried out in general every 4 years.
– First of all, the ground bread is extracted and the roots are opened with the help of a pen and acting gently.
– Let’s slowly separate the portions formed by stems and roots and put them in different jars.
Pests and diseases
Excessive watering or prolonged permanence of ground bread in stagnant water can favour the development of radical rottenness; often these plants are affected by mites. The spatifillus is a very healthy herb, but it can be attacked by insects or mites. In the first case (aphids may occur) you can distribute an insecticide based on pyrethrine.
Mites can be defeated by increasing humidity through vaporization or (in the most serious cases) with specific products
Rusticity of the spathiphyllum
Yes, the maintenance is very simple and in addition often proves to be very resistant to situations not exactly ideal. It can grow discreetly well even in dark environments and does not suffer immediate damage if, for example, we are distracted and occasionally forget to water it. It is also particularly easy to propagate it and get, over time, other plants to give away or use another room of our house.
Spathiphyllum species and varieties
Being a much-loved plant, hybridizers have striven to create new varieties that will satisfy amateurs.
When purchasing, it is always good to observe the jar carefully to ensure that, for example, the ground bread is not excessively wet. In that case there is the risk of buying a spatifillo with the root system already compromised. It will then be very difficult to recover.
Then we always choose a plant with beautiful bright and lively leaves and at least one flower (so we can check that it is to our liking).
In all, the known species of spathiphyllum are 27, all originating in tropical America, except one which is endemic to Malaysia. A very interesting Mauna Loa hybrid has also been created, larger than one metre, suitable for scenic settings in entrances or large halls.
Here are the cultivars and species that can be found most commonly on the market.
Spathiphillum repotting system
The best time for this operation is undoubtedly between the end of winter and the beginning of spring. This is the time when it is at least partially in vegetative rest and therefore will be less affected by our maneuvers. However, if problems should arise (such as root rot, for example) you can also intervene during the rest of the year. With a little more care, the operation will be very successful, even if the plant, probably, will need more time to recover.
Generally it is necessary to proceed once a year, when the roots begin to come out of the drain holes. Initially, the plant grows very quickly and then stabilises.
It is important to point out, however, that the larger the plant is, the more spateful it produces.
As for all plants coming from tropical areas, for the spatifillo it is not only important the water present at the level of the roots, but also the one available in the air. Only by increasing it will we be able to have truly splendid specimens.
We can proceed in different ways
– Vaporising the leaves from time to time, possibly with demineralised water
– Use a saucer filled with expanded clay and water. (however, let’s avoid that it comes into contact with the roots so as not to cause rottenness).
– Place the jar in another larger container filled with moist peat.
Ideal are always cool temperatures.
During the winter it lives well in a room where there are from 16 to 18 ° C. The minimum temperature for it not to be damaged is around 13°C.
During the summer, however, the averages must be around 20 ° and never exceed 27 ° C. If it’s very hot, it’s a good idea to increase the humidity of the air.
Air currents, on the other hand, are very much to be feared. So let’s try to place the specimens away from doors and windows.
Why doesn’t my spathiphyllum bloom?
Surely this problem is caused by errors in the care of the plant. Generally it is sufficient to increase the humidity and expose it better.
It may also be useful to administer a specific fertilizer fortnightly, perhaps with a moderate potassium content.
If the plant is very large it may need to be repotted or divided.
Spatifillo – Spathiphyllum: Cleaning Spathiphyllum
We will only have to use scissors if the leaves are dry or damaged. We cut at the base ensuring that the scissors are well cleaned and sharpened.
Sehen Sie sich das Video an
- Der Spatifillo ist eine der am häufigsten in der Wohnung in Italien angebauten Pflanzen; es handelt sich um eine krautige Pflanze,
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