The Solanum capsicastrum is a shrub-bearing plant native to Brazil with a height and diameter of about 30 – 50 cm; the solanum is an evergreen shrub usually grown as an annual with a woody and rather flexible stem. The leaves are lanceolate with a dark green hue. The flowers, on the other hand, are white starry, 1 – 1.5 cm wide; the flowering period of the plant is June-July. At the beginning of winter, the plant also produces its fruits.
The berries are glossy, first dark green in colour, mottled and turn yellow as they ripen and then scarlet. There are different cultivars of this plant, including capsicastrum, wendlandii and pseudocapsicum.
The ideal exposure for the cultivation of solanum capsicastrum it has to be in the sun. They are plants that particularly love light and therefore love bright and warm positions. Exposure of the plant to direct sunlight also allows the berries to take on a more vivid and red coloring. Temperatures should not be below 16-18 degrees Celsius. In summer about 20 degrees, if it gets warmer you should bring the plant outdoors, in half shade.
During this season it is advisable to spray the plant in such a way as to guarantee it a moist soil, a fundamental condition for obtaining inflorescences of great visual effect and the fructification. It is also recommended to shelter the plant in case of particularly strong or cold air currents, as they are not well tolerated. The plant needs continuous air changes but too much wind could permanently damage it.
Therefore, place in more sheltered areas if particular climatic conditions occur that are dangerous for the plant.
- The irrigation of the Solanum capsicastrum must be regular and must be carried out frequently, especially when you are in the hottest phase of the summer period. The soil must maintain a high level of …
The ideal soil for the plant is formed by fertile soil, sand and peat in such a way as to facilitate the drainage of water. Repotting must be carried out once the plant has produced its fruits and when the roots have occupied the entire space available to them inside the pot. As far as fertilization is concerned, it should be carried out every 15 days throughout the year by diluting the liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water.
Pruning is necessary when the solanum is grown for more than two years in a row. It is necessary to reduce the height of the plant by about 1/3.
The watering of the solanum must be abundant in summer, because if the plant suffers from the lack of water the leaves and berries wither. Every day you have to wet the ground with lukewarm water. In winter, water regularly so that the soil is always moist as long as the berries are present, so the amount is reduced.
The multiplication of the plain takes place by sowing in March, distributing the seeds on the surface. They are covered with a layer of coarse sand; the containers are to be kept humid, in shade, at 16-21 degrees. After germination, the seedlings are discovered and kept in a bright place. When they are eight centimetres tall, they are transplanted.
Solanum capsicastrum: Diseases and pests
The red spider of the greenhouses stings the leaves and covers the upper page with small spots. Green aphids can infest young jets at the beginning of summer. When the plant is poorly watered or the solanum capsicastrum grows in an environment that is too hot and dry compared to its ideal habitat, the leaves will wither while the berries will fall to the ground.
In this case, it will be advisable to regulate the humidity of the soil and guarantee the plant a humid environment, frequently nebulizing the plant. On the contrary, when the watering is abandoned, the leaves may appear yellow. Another problem is related to the position in which the plant grows. If the plant looks dull and stunted, it doesn’t get enough light to develop at its best. Change the position of the plant to achieve improvements.
- This plant needs constant irrigation during the spring and summer; it is necessary to proceed daily
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