Sanseveria – Sansevieria trifascata – Indoor plants – Sanseveria – Sansevieria trifasciata – Apartment

Sanseveria

Exposure Sanseveria

SanseveriaThese plants need bright positions, but do not tolerate direct sunlight; they fear the cold, so they can be brought outside in the spring and summer, while for the rest of the year they should be kept at home. These plants are however not very demanding and grow well even in the shade. It is a plant that comes from subtropical or desert environments, characterized by high temperatures, low rainfall and rather poor and draining soils.

The cultivation of sansevieria is very simple: throughout our peninsula it is advisable to grow it into an apartment. During the summer, however, you can move it outside, on a terrace or in the garden, provided that the light and heat are not excessive.

To ensure optimal development, from April to October, it is recommended to keep the temperatures between 18 and 27 °C and ensure a very bright exposure (near a window to the south or west or under a pergola), avoiding direct light that could cause leaf burns. However, shade is not a problem, it only slows growth and can cause the disappearance of streaks and side bands.

In winter you can induce a slight vegetative rest by adjusting the temperature to 15 ° C (but never fall below 13 ° C) and shading a little more.

Very harmful can be the currents of cold or hot air. Let’s place it in a sheltered area.

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Watering Sanseveria

SanseveriaLike many other succulent plants, also the sanseveria doesn’t need much water, especially during the cold months; during the whole year it is best to let the soil dry completely between one watering and the other. Provide fertilizer once a month in the vegetative period, avoiding to exceed.

Irrigation must be very moderate and it must always be ensured that there is no stagnation. During the summer season, the average watering should be done once a week, making sure that the substrate is dry, leaving it to drain well and always avoiding the use of under pots. It is preferable to use lukewarm water (even from the tap), since the sansevieria is sensitive to thermal shock.

It is very important to pour it on the ground, avoiding the area of the collar and the heart of the rosette: in fact, these are areas where rottenness can easily settle.

In winter we dilate even more: usually it is sufficient to water slightly every 15-20 days.

We always keep the leaf surface clean, but avoid the use of polishes that, over time, clog the stomata preventing normal transpiration.

LA SANSEVERIA IN BREVE

Family, genus, species

 Agavaceae, Gen.

Sansevieria, about 60 species

Type of plant

 Succulent, indoor, cacti compositions

Height at maturity

 From 15 cm to 2 m

Width at maturity

 From 15 to 60 cm

Maintenance

 Low, simple

Water requirements

 Low

Minimum temperature

 13°C

Ideal temperature

 18-27°C

Exposure

 Very bright, no direct light/even slight shade

Land

 Very light and draining: 2/3 soil, 1/3 sand or perlite

Fertilizer

 Balanced, for houseplants or cacti.

Liquid every 3 weeks

Soil pH

 Neutral to sub-alkaline

Soil and repotting sanseveria

It does not have particular needs of soil, provided it is well drained, in order to avoid water stagnations; use a normal compound of pot mixed with sand and expanded clay. Repot every 2-3 years, or at least when the rhizomes have completely filled the pot, choosing a container slightly bigger than the previous one.

In the wild, the sansevieria is capable of withstanding long dry seasons thanks to its ability to store liquids in the leaves. It is therefore important to use a draining soil, which dries quickly away from the most frequent danger in the apartment: root and collar rot.

Repotting is normally carried out in spring, waiting at least three years from one time to the next. Let’s choose a container just bigger than the previous one and let’s pay particular attention not to damage the roots. Let’s create a thick draining layer on the bottom and fill it with a very draining compound: the ideal one is obtained with 2/3 of top quality soil and 1/3 of river sand or perlite.

Multiplication

vaso di sansevieria The best way to multiply the sanseverie and undoubtedly the division of the heads of rhizomes, which can be practiced throughout the year, but preferably in spring. The portions practiced must consist of a few leaves, 3-4 at the most, and must preferably have some vigorous roots. Avoid watering the new plants too much for a few months. In the spring you can make leaf cuttings, remembering that the cuttings of variegated plants produce green plants.

Pests and diseases

This plant is very afraid of radical rot, which however should not bother us if we provide little water.

Sanseveria Pruning

The sanseveria is not a plant that can be pruned and the pruning operations of this species are very limited. Sanseveria cleaning cuts can be made to remove the dry or rotten from the plant to remove those parts of the plant that have dried out. Another intervention that can be carried out is the removal of any diseased parts, a cut that is made to eliminate these infected portions of the plant and prevent any fungi or bacteria multiply and spread on the plant and other plants.

As always for pruning, also for cutting the sanseveria we use clean and disinfected tools to avoid propagating any fungi or bacteria left on the blades after other pruning operations on any infected plants.

IL CALENDARIO DELLA SANSEVERIA

Repotting

 March-April

Leaf division-cutting

 March-April

Flowering

 March-July

Vegetative rest

 October-February

Repotting and substrate

foglie sanseveria In the wild, the sansevieria is capable of withstanding long dry seasons thanks to its ability to store liquids in the leaves. It is therefore important to use a draining soil, which dries quickly away from the most frequent danger in the apartment: root and collar rot.

Repotting is normally carried out in spring, waiting at least three years from one time to the next. Let’s choose a container just bigger than the previous one and let’s pay particular attention not to damage the roots. Let’s create a thick draining layer on the bottom and fill it with a very draining compound: the ideal one is obtained with 2/3 of top quality soil and 1/3 of river sand or perlite.

Fertilization Sanseveria

To stimulate the growth it is good to distribute every 3 weeks a balanced fertilizer. Liquid formulations for green plants or cacti are suitable. You can also opt for granular, osmotic or stick fertilizers: they are very practical, provide long and constant nutrition.

Variety of Sanseveria

sanseveria in vaso The genus Sanseviera is composed by about 60 species, different for size, appearance and colouration of the leaves. This great variability makes this plant very adaptable to different environments, furnishings and needs of the grower.

Sanseveria trifasciata

It is the most widespread species in our homes. The dimensions are very variable as there are dwarf cultivars and others of great development, which can exceed even one meter in height.

The species has dark green leaves with cream and silver side bands.

However, some of its horticultural varieties are also widespread:

-• Laurentii Very common, with more intense yellow lateral bands.

-• Hanii very small (15 cm) and with leaves distributed like a rosette. Suitable for mixed compositions. Also available with silver side bands with the name ‘Silver Hanii’.

-• Moonshine’. light green leaves with fine dark green side bands.

-• Cylindrical Sanseviera Suitable for large pots (can exceed one meter in height); the leaves, very decorative, are cylindrical and turn on themselves. They are a beautiful dark green with lighter horizontal streaks.

-• Sansevieria hallii Among the smallest (up to 30 cm high). Suitable for small pots and compositions, very decorative thanks to the leaves arranged in a rosette and spiral-shaped. The colour is dark green with fine horizontal silvery streaks.

-• Liberal Sanseviera Of average size, rarely more than 90 cm, it has leaves with a more rigid consistency. The color is particular: dark green with light bands and reddish outline.

-• zeylanica sansevieria Among the largest: up to 2 meters total. It has triangular rosette leaves of a beautiful dark grey, almost glaucous, and darker or lighter horizontal streaks. It has pleasant white to greenish flowers.

  • sanseveria The Sanseveria is presented as a plant that usually goes to be purchased a lot inside apartments or gr
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  • sansevieria The plant of sansevieria belongs to the family of liliaceae and is native to Africa. Currently there are
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  • pianta sanseveria I don’t understand why my Sans. suffers. I found a completely dry leaf. It is located in a shady place at the
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