Many plants, of tropical and not tropical origin, are cultivated in apartment; these plants develop in a luxuriant way in house because the climate of the apartment is similar to that of the origin zones, therefore it is dry and warm; practically in house we have a perennial spring, if it were not for the hours of solar illumination, which are very few during the winter.
For this reason, many plants enter into vegetative rest also in the house, as it happens for the amaryllis or other bulbous plants, which, during the winter, tend to lose their foliage. Most of the varieties that we grow in apartments are not found in their ideal habitat, they are simply robust species, able to adapt even in climates not ideal for their development.
The ideal climate
Surely if our plants were in an ideal climate they would have a lush development, and would produce flowers and fruits even at home, as happens in nature, already the fact that many of our indoor plants tend not to bloom indicates that the place and the way of cultivation are not ideal.
Most of the plants commonly grown at home are native to tropical rainforests, where the climate is very different from that of our homes, certainly the temperature is the slightest problem, also because in the house usually have about 20 ° C, temperature quite similar to that of the tropics during the cold season.
Instead, the climatic characteristic that greatly differentiates our homes from a rainforest is definitely the humidity environment: during the period in which the domestic heating is active, whether it is an air conditioner or radiators, the climate in our homes is definitely too dry for our plants.
Remedies to the dry climate of the house
To avoid this problem it is advisable to spray our plants frequently, mainly their foliage. To increase the humidity it is also possible to place the pots in large containers filled with pumice stone, which will keep the roots and the pot itself elevated; in the container we always keep at least a finger of water, which will evaporate constantly, increasing the ambient humidity.
Remember that a high ambient humidity does not correspond to a soil that is always moist or wet: some species like to have a lot of humidity in the air, but the soil is dry. Therefore, let’s vaporize the foliage also of those species which are in vegetative rest, whose substratum of cultivation will remain well dry, like, for instance, some bromeliads, which do not need, in winter, great waterings, but love the humidity.
Plants in the apartment: The position of the plants
When we put plants in the house we do not consider them only as a decorative element or furniture: they are living beings, which have special needs. First of all, let’s place them where they can enjoy all the space they need, and where they can receive a good amount of light, possibly filtered; let’s avoid closing a plant in a corner, or almost certainly it will lose its foliage in the area facing the wall.
Let us also avoid placing in a place of great passage the plants with the great foliage, because, at each passage, the leaves will receive blows, blows, abrasions, which will quickly result in the loss of the ruined leaves. When we buy a plant, let us inform ourselves about the cultivation requirements, and let us place it in the best place, in the light or in half shade, close to the window or in the stairwell.
Let’s always try to avoid placing the pots close to a heat source, be it an air conditioner or a radiator, which surely tend to dry up a lot the air, and, furthermore, they can damage the foliage, “burning it”. If in our house there is underfloor heating we keep the pots raised, because the heat of the heating directed to the root system can ruin the plant in a serious way.
Guarda il Video