Genus that includes 15-20 species of epiphytic orchids, originating in the humid forests of Central and South America.
They do not have pseudobulbs, they form fan-shaped rosettes of long curved leaves, narrow and thin, of pale green colour, rather rough and crossed by a deep central vein; in late autumn and in winter at the base of the leaves, at the apex of short thin stems, large single flowers bloom, of white colour, with veins or spots of pink, blue or purple colour, at times with contrasting labellum; there are numerous hybrids, often of very bright colours, stained of white.
The petals are fleshy, waxy and thick, sometimes glossy; these flowers give off a delicate perfume. Fishermen have a fairly easy cultivation and are also suitable for beginners.
To best cultivate your orchids fisherman, place the pots in a very bright place, but away from direct sunlight that could cause burns on the leaves and affect the development of the plant, these orchids fear the cold, and need average temperatures close to 18-20 ° C, for this reason in winter should be kept indoors, away from cold currents or frost, or in temperate greenhouse where it creates the ideal habitat for their cultivation.
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- genus which includes some species of epiphytic or lithophytic orchids, spread in Australia and Asia. They are large heads of linear leaves, erect or slightly arched, fleshy, green in colour, with a hint of…
Water regularly throughout the year, intensifying watering in the summer months, usually warmer and drier, letting the substrate dry a little between one watering and the other, every 2-3 days vaporize the leaves with demineralized water, to increase the ambient humidity. From March to November provide specific fertilizer for orchids, mixed with the water of the watering, every 10-15 days.
Use a compound for epiphytic orchids, consisting of pieces of bark, polystyrene and vegetable fibres; repot at least every two years, to allow the plants to develop harmoniously. It is important to remember that the choice of soil must be made taking into account the specific needs of our orchid; in fact, each plant needs a particular soil to develop and grow at its best. From the soil our plants acquire the main nutrients they need to live, hence the importance of this element.
The multiplication of the orchid is usually done by division of the heads of leaves, leaving a vigorous and well-developed root to each portion obtained; the new plants are repotted immediately in a single container, usually the divisions are practiced in late spring.
Fisherman: Parasites and diseases
With regard to diseases and pests that could attack the plant, it is important to pay attention to the cochineals. These are tiny parasites which, by feeding on the sap contained in the leaves of the orchid, weaken the entire plant. For the manual removal of cochineals, use a cotton ball soaked in alcohol; if the problem is widespread and not circumscribed, prefer specific pesticide products.
Another problem that the fisherman may have is the presence of radical rot.
Beware of watering: let the soil dry between one irrigation and the next.