Small terrestrial orchid widespread in Europe and Asia; to the genus orchys belong some species of orchids widespread in Europe, Asia and North Africa, united by quite similar flowers. It has erect, cylindrical, 15-25 cm tall, light green stems, slightly tinged with purple at the apex, which grow from the centre of the basal rosette made up of numerous elongated oval leaves, bright green in colour, slightly fleshy.
From late spring until the beginning of summer, on the stems bloom numerous small flowers of purple red, white or pink colour, with sepals and petals striated of green; the labellum is much enlarged, with wavy or frayed margins, with small dark purple dots. The flowers are followed by the capsules containing the seeds.
These orchids are quite easily found in the woods and pastures of our peninsula, but they are an endangered species and it is therefore advisable to avoid damaging the plants or eradicating them. If you want to grow these orchids in specialized stores are available examples of greenhouse products, or you can admire them in nature.
The location of our plants is an important factor to take into account because it is precisely according to where they are located that they may have a good or bad development. The ideal place to grow Orchis morio is in full sun or half shade; plants in full sun generally tend to grow taller than those in shade due to the light they receive daily. These orchids are not particularly afraid of the cold, so they can be left outdoors even during cold winters.
Pay more attention to the plants in case of intense cold wind or frost.
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- They decorate terraces, balconies and garden corners.
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As for watering, when they are grown in the open land orchys are satisfied with rainwater, while specimens grown in containers or pots may need watering especially during the growing season. In any case, avoid excessive watering, which would result in root rot.
When you want to grow an orchid, an aspect of fundamental importance is the choice of soil. This is because it is precisely from the soil that plants acquire the nutrients they need to live and develop at their best. So use good garden soil, mixed with sand or other incoherent material such as perlite, pumice or lapillus.
The roots of these orchids can develop a lot, becoming fat stolons, so it is advisable to grow them in large containers to allow the root system to develop without problems without constraints.
The multiplication of Orchys morio usually takes place by division of the heads, taking care to maintain a good root system for each portion produced. These orchids can also be propagated by seed.
Orchys morio: Parasites and diseases
Orchys morio are usually not attacked by parasites or diseases. Like all orchid species, be careful of waterlogging that could cause root rot if watering is too abundant.