They can be grown both at home and in the greenhouse. A curious peculiarity of these plants is that it closes the leaves when the brightness of the environment is high. In fact, they are plants that resist well even in areas that are not very bright.
The temperature must never fall below 8-10 degrees Celsius.
The ideal temperature for growing these plants is around 25 °C, with a very high degree of humidity. In the hot season it is advisable to keep the plant in a shady place, otherwise it could present even serious problems.
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Watering and soil
This type of plant should be watered regularly in the hot period, taking care to keep the soil moist, but not soggy. During the winter season, watering should be reduced. The M.Leuconeura loves humid places, therefore it is good to carry out some nebulisations of water on the leaves, in order to guarantee the correct degree of humidity.
The ideal soil for its cultivation is rich and fertile, with a good degree of drainage, consisting of soil, peat and sand.
This plant has a rapid growth, therefore it is good to foresee to repot it at least every two years when there are young specimens. In the case of adult plants, the plant may no longer require repotting, but it is best to remove a layer of old soil, to be replaced with another rich and fertile soil.
The multiplication takes place by division of the plants or by cutting in the summer period, leaving 3-4 leaves per branch. The cuttings are to be placed in a compound of peat and sand and in an environment with constant temperature, around the 25 °C.
Some varieties of Maranta are used for alimentary purposes: in particular, from the roots we get a type of edible starch.
The name Maranta derives from the scholar Bartolomeo Maranti, who was the first to study it in the XVI century.
Originally from tropical America, it has thin stems about 2 meters high and very large leaves that can reach up to 30 cm. When the plant reaches a certain size, it produces small white flowers.
Originally from Guyana in Brazil, it has a harvested posture. The leaves, dark green and elliptical, rarely exceed 14 cm in length. The flower, not very showy, is white with a purple vein inside.
Originally from Brazil, the M. Leuconeura has quite short stems with a decent bearing. It does not reach large dimensions, maximum 50 cm, and is composed of elliptical leaves with rounded tips that reach 15 cm. This plant is also known as the “Plant of Prayer”.
Maranta – Maranta leuconeura: Pests and diseases
These plants can present problems caused by parasites which, if not combated in time, can also cause serious problems. The most common parasites are aphids, red spiders and lice and cochineals.
In the case of the red spider webs it is possible to contrast them effectively, only by raising the level of humidity, proceeding with frequent vaporization of water on the leaves. For cochineals, instead, if their presence is limited, it is possible to intervene manually for their elimination, using a cloth or a cotton ball with alcohol.
For lice there are specific products, or you can prepare macerated nettle or garlic-based products to vaporize on the affected plants.
- The plant of Maranta belongs to the family of Marantaceae. It is native to the equatorial belt, and grows in
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- The Maranta is an equatorial plant, which grows like spontaneous vegetation within the forests of Brazil and the
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