Place the orchid Gongora in a luminous position, but far from direct solar rays, to avoid burns on the leaves which occur very quickly if the plant is placed in a place where it receives direct irradiation; like many orchids, also the gongora cannot stand the cold, and in winter they must be grown at temperatures above 15-18°C.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
These plants need a permanently moist soil, but not soaked in water, so they need to be watered regularly, especially in the warmer months, but checking that the substrate does not form stagnations of water, dangerous because they quickly cause the onset of root rot. To increase the ambient humidity it is also good to vaporize them often with water, preferably without the presence of limestone. From March to October provide specific fertilizer for orchids mixed with water from watering.
To plant the Gongora plants use a compound for epiphytic orchids, consisting of bark pieces, sphagnum, coconut fiber and chopped plant fibers. For a correct development of the plant it is best to repot it every 2-3 years, avoiding placing it in too large containers, as it has been found that these orchids grow better in containers of small size, a factor that also helps to maintain the correct degree of humidity of the substrate.
To repot the plants it is better to wet the substrate in advance, so as to make it more difficult to ruin the roots, which are rather delicate.
Some varieties of gongora, on the other hand, have really powerful dimensions, so they are to be cultivated in very capacious containers.
In order to get new plants of this type, after the flowering, it is possible to divide the tufts of pseudobulbs, taking out pseudobulbs provided with a well developed and vigorous rooting apparatus; the new plants obtained in this way are to be repotted immediately singularly utilizing the substratum indicated for the adult plants.
Gongora: Pests and diseases
These orchids are often subject to root rot and are sometimes attacked by cochineal. To avoid root rot, which can quickly lead to plant decay, it is essential to check that the substrate is adequate for the cultivation of these plants, allowing proper drainage of water.
As far as the fight against cochineals is concerned, it is possible to intervene manually, in the case in which the attack is limited, by using a cloth or a cotton ball with alcohol to pass on the leaves to eliminate the parasites. There are also specific products that must be used with moderation, trying not to vaporize them on the leaves.