The galearis in nature grow in the undergrowth, in shady but very bright places; the total shade leads to an unsatisfactory development of the plant. Usually these orchids do not fear the cold, although it may happen that during the winter they lose the aerial part, which will develop again when the vegetative recovery, in early spring.
It is good not to expose this orchid to direct sunlight because the leaves may quickly show signs of burning. They can safely withstand temperatures around zero, but do not like very windy areas and be exposed to the elements, so it is better to place them in a sheltered place.
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
- The genus Laelia includes about 50-60 species of orchids, mainly epiphytic, native to Central America, very similar to the cattleya. These varieties form dense tufts of pseudobulbs, which are often found in the…
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For a good growth of these plants, water regularly, avoiding letting the soil dry between one watering and the other; for a good development of the plant is good to keep the soil moist, but without water stagnations that quickly cause root rot: you can water the galearis by immersion, letting then drain the excess water, so that the roots do not remain immersed in the liquid for too long.
In order to provide the correct nutrition, it is possible to intervene with fertilization operations that must be carried out by mixing liquid fertilizer with the water of the watering, preferably not calcareous, being careful to avoid supplying fertilizer when flowering is in progress.
To have a good substratum in which to cultivate these plants use a mix for orchids, to which mix some sphagnum peat and some leaf mould; possibly, before planting them, it is advisable to mix a small dose of earthworm humus with the soil.
The reproduction of these orchids takes place by division of the heads, in autumn or early spring. It is important to take portions that maintain some roots so as to facilitate the subsequent rooting. Plant in a soil suitable for adult orchids and place in a cool and sheltered place, with a good degree of brightness.
Galearis: Pests and diseases
Usually these plants are not affected by pests or diseases having a good rusticity and resistance, but they can show radical rottenness, in case the cultivation soil is not adequate or has exceeded with watering. Plants can also show signs of leaf burns if they are exposed to direct sunlight, especially when temperatures are quite high.