The ficus triangularis is a medium-sized tree native to the rainforests of Asia; the specimens grown in pots remain much smaller in size than those free to develop in nature, not exceeding 200-250 cm in height. They have an elongated, woody stem with dense and thick ramifications; the foliage is ample, roundish. On the lower part of the stem, with the passing of the years, often showy aerial roots develop.
The foliage is dark green, leathery, quite thick; the particular triangular shape of the leaves gives the name to the species. Flowers and fruits develop along the stem: small green figs, which become yellowish when ripe; they are not edible. This species of ficus is not very diffused in commerce, there are also varieties with variegated leaves, of pale green and white; the ficus triangularis is also used as bonsai.
Exposure and irrigation
The ficus triangularis should be grown in an apartment, with minimum temperatures close to 10-12°C. As far as the exposure is concerned, it prefers very bright positions, but far from the sun rays that could yellow and dry the leaves; during the summer months it is possible to bring the plants to the open air, being careful to expose them to a few hours of direct sunlight, possibly in a gradual way.
As for watering, it is important to water the plant from April to September regularly, but waiting for the soil to be dry before providing water again, this to avoid the formation of stagnation of water and root rot, during this time remember to add to the water of the fertilizer fertilizer for green plants every 10-15 days. Let’s intensify the watering during the hottest months of the year.
With the arrival of autumn instead of thinning the watering, intervening only when the soil is dry for a few days.
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Terrain and reproduction
The choice of soil for the cultivation of a plant is essential if you want to achieve satisfactory results. Each species needs a particular type of soil and each variety therefore has specific cultivation needs. These species of ficus prefer soft soils, very well drained, rich in organic matter. The plant develops very slowly, it is in any case advisable to repot it, at least every 2-3 years, providing fresh and rich soil.
The multiplication of the plant takes place by cutting, using the apex of semi-woody ramifications, in summer. The rooting is not very fast and not even very likely, so it is recommended to prepare many cuttings to have greater chances of success.
Ficus triangularis: Pests and diseases
Speaking of the diseases and parasites that could affect the plant, the most dangerous for the ficus triangularis are the mites and cochineal that lurk under the leaves, especially in very dry climates. The plant also fears the development of rust on the leaves.
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