The ficus lyrata is one of the many species of ficus that can be found in the apartment. It is an evergreen shrub that in nature reaches the size of a tree, with messy foliage, is native to tropical areas of Africa.
The specimens cultivated in pots remain smaller than two metres; they have an erect posture, a scarcely or not at all ramified stem, enlarged and woody, with dark bark, furrowed by deep cracks; the foliage is large, shaped like a violin, or like a lyre (as the name suggests), thick and leathery, glossy, dark green, with showy yellow or white veins, and wavy margin. In the wild, these ficus produce fruits, not edible, which hardly appear on the plant cultivated in apartment.
To favour the development of ramifications, it is advisable to top the plant, at a height of 30-80, so that it develops some lateral shoots.
Exposure and watering
Before buying a plant, it is important to inquire about the specific needs of the plant, first of all the exposure. The ficus lyrata is a species that prefers very bright locations, even direct sunlight, although it is advisable to expose the plants to bright light only gradually, to avoid unsightly sunburn. These are plants to be grown exclusively in apartments, as they need minimum temperatures above 12-15°C.
As for watering, from March to September water often enough, avoiding excesses and always waiting for the soil to dry slightly between one watering and the other. During the cold months, let’s thin the watering, remembering to vaporize the canopy every 8-10 days, to increase the humidity environment. During the growing season we provide fertilizer for green plants, every 15-20 days.
- The name Philodendron, comes from the Greek “Philo”, love, and from “dendron”, tree. It is a genus composed by 275 species, formed by varieties of evergreen and climbing shrubs. The plant is native to the…
- The Musa ornata is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Asia; it is the only species of banana that blooms and bears fruit even if grown indoors. The thick stem, erect, is yellow-green in color, and has a…
- It is a genus that brings together about fifty herbaceous perennials from Central and South America. They produce fleshy rhizomes with numerous ovate, green-coloured leaves that grow from them.
- It’s really amazing to see how a bit of greenery can light up and transform an apartment. Plants also have the ability to purify the air and make the house healthier and more…
Soil and multiplication
Another factor of fundamental importance in the cultivation of our beloved plants is the type of soil to choose from. The soil is the main source of sustenance for the plant and for this reason it must be chosen with care and have specific characteristics based on the cultural needs of the plant.
The ficus lyrata it is cultivated in soft and loose soils, well drained, rich of organic matter.
Every 2-3 years let’s proceed with the repotting, providing a slightly larger container than the previous one. The multiplication of the plant takes place by semi-woody cutting, in late spring or early summer. To encourage the development of the cuttings it is good to remember to cut the leaves, for at least two thirds of their size. In addition, it is recommended to use clean and well-sharpened work tools in order to make precise cuts and thus obtain new healthy and vigorous plants.
Ficus lyrata: Pests and diseases
Ficus lyrata species are often attacked by cochineals and mites. These are parasites that affect the leaves of the plant and suck their sap. As this is the main source of livelihood of the ficus, the plant will suffer a progressive weakening, we will see the leaves curl and lose their vibrant coloring. It is possible to fight the problem with specific pesticide products. The foliage is frequently affected by rust.
Watch the Video
- The ficus lyrata can be counted as one of the most interesting and widespread species of ficus that are cultivated in
visits : ficus lyrata