In the wild, the ficus elastica is a big tree, which reaches the 25-30 metres and develops in the tropical forests of Asia; in pot it has an erect posture, scarcely ramified, and reaches the 200-300 cm of height over the years; the bark is smooth, of a brown-grey colour.
The leaves are big, up to 25-30 cm, oval, of dark green colour, carried by long rigid petioles; they are glossy, leathery and rigid, at the beginning of their development they appear rolled up inside a reddish sheath, and are characterized by a showy red-vioalceous vein on the lower page; in the lower part of the stem often develop aerial roots. Small leaf varieties or varieties with variegated foliage are available on the market.
They are plants of easy cultivation, very common in the apartment.
Exemplars of ficus elastica need very well-lit places, but they fear direct sunlight; they fear the cold and prefer temperatures above 12-15°C; during the summer they can be placed outdoors, in a place sheltered from direct sunlight. Usually when moving a plant from the house to the open air it is always advisable to do it gradually and waiting for the spring, when the temperatures are milder and there is a risk of sudden changes in temperature that could cause suffering to the plant.
The ficus benjamina belongs to the family of Moraceae It is native to Southeast Asia and Oceania. It is a tree that can reach 30 meters in height where it is endemic (or in areas with climates of up to … It is a shrub or a small evergreen tree, native to central-southern Asia; in the wild, the adult specimens keep their dimensions close to the 2 m of height. They have thin stems and ramify…
Evergreen tree originating in Australia and New Zealand, the ficus australe or ficus rubiginosa can reach 8-10 metres high in the wild, but in a container it can be kept within 2-3 metres of height. The Ficus neriifolia, also called f. with oleander leaves, is a shrub or small evergreen tree, native to central-southern Asia; in nature the adult specimens are kept in size.
To maintain the best specimens of ficus elastica, from April to September, water regularly, waiting for the soil to be dry between one watering and the other; let’s thin the watering with the arrival of autumn. These plants don’t like the dry climate, therefore it is advisable to spray often the canopy, using demineralized water, in order to avoid staining the foliage.
During the vegetative period, add some fertilizer for green plants to the water of the watering, every 15-20 days, so as to provide all the nourishment necessary for the best growth of the plant.
Let’s use a good rich and soft soil, very well drained; we can prepare a suitable soil by mixing some universal soil balanced with little sand and little crushed bark, so as to create the ideal soil for the planting of this ficus, which requires a soil that allows an excellent drainage, capable of avoiding water stagnations.
This variety of plant multiplies by apical cutting, cutting at least half of the outer leaves; often on the elastic ficus layering is practiced, removing entire branches to produce new plants quickly.
Cuttings are taken in the hottest season, from spring to summer and, in order to obtain a good result, it is better to take the cuttings with 4 or 5 leaves, with a length of at least 20 cm. After having dried up the latex, we can proceed to place the cutting in a pot, preferably of terracotta, in a compound based on peat, to be left little compact and ventilated.
Elastic Ficus: Pests and Diseases
This plant fears the development of rust on large leaves; often cochineals and mites lurk under the leaves, especially in very dry climates. These can be eliminated with special products, or by intervening to eliminate them manually.
If the leaves turn yellow, then, it is probable that a correct cultivation is not being followed, probably, with excessive watering; if, on the contrary, these are too scarce, we shall see the fall of the leaves.
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- The watering of the ficus varies according to the seasons and temperatures as, like other plants, this may require a lot of watering.
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- The ficus is considered for the most part an ornamental plant which, in its places of origin, can assume a very large size.
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- The Ficus Robusta is an apartment plant that belongs to the Moraceae family. Within the genus Ficus pos
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