Evergreen tree originating in Australia and New Zealand, the ficus australe or ficus rubiginosa can reach 8-10 metres high in the wild, but in a container it can be kept within 2-3 metres, with fairly slow growth. It has an erect stem, thick and robust, with grey bark; in the part it usually develops several aerial roots; the foliage is ample, rounded, and the young branches are covered by a slight down, as well as the apical buds.
The leaves are oval, rigid and leathery, of opaque green colour on the upper page, reddish-brown and slightly pubescent on the lower one. Throughout the year produces flowers and fruits, shaped like small figs attached to the bark of the branches through a short petiole, are light green in color, become yellow when ripe. This species of ficus is much appreciated as an indoor plant, being more rustic than many other species of ficus.
It needs rather bright positions, even with a few hours of direct sunshine in the coolest hours of the day. However, avoid exposing it to direct sunlight in the hottest summers or for too many hours a day.f.rubiginosa does not tolerate temperatures below zero, so it is grown exclusively as an indoor plant, although in regions with very mild winters could find room in an exotic garden.
It is an ideal species to embellish the interior of the house and can bring a bit of greenery and cheerfulness between the home.
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Water the southern f. regularly, making sure to dry the soil well between one watering and the other to avoid water stagnation and the development of root rot. Every 15-20 days provide fertilizer for green plants, dissolved in the water of the watering to help the plant to grow better.
The ficus rubiginosa or australe loves loose, deep, rich and very well drained soils; it is advisable to use a good balanced soil, mixed with a little pumice stone. Seen the shrub-like appearance, it is better to place the plant in a capacious pot, in order to avoid that an excessively light container helps the plant to fall, even if only with a slight breeze.
Usually the small fruits are made fertile by a particular species of wasp, the seeds thus produced produce quite quickly some small plants if buried.
Ficus australe – Ficus rubiginosa: Parasites and diseases
Before analyzing what are the possible diseases that affect the plant it is important to emphasize that ficus are resistant plants and despite the attacks of any pests, usually they can recover strength and develop at their best.
The f. rubiginosa or autrale, is particularly concerned with root rot and cochineal.
As for any rottenness, pay attention to the amount of water administered to the plant; to eliminate the problem of cochineals, use a specific pesticide product available from the best garden centers or nurseries. To prevent the problem in any case, it is advisable to follow the rules of cultivation of the southern f. listed above and devote appropriate care and attention to the plant to avoid problems of this type.
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- The ficus rubiginosa is a particularly tortuous and extremely branched shrub that belongs to the genus Ficus, cate
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