Fico rampicante – Ficus pumila – Ficus pumila – Indoor plants – Fico rampicante o ficus pumila

see also: Bengiamino – Ficus Benjamin

The climbing fig, also known as ficus pumila, is a small, evergreen, climbing shrub native to central-southern Asia. It has a climbing or prostrate carriage, and tends to stick easily to any support, by means of aerial roots; the stems are very thin and ramified, and give rise to a very compact shrub, up to 70-80 cm long; the leaves are small, oval, bright green, and there are many cultivars, small or variegated leaf of white.

In nature, the plant produces small flowers, followed by fruits, which are difficult to see in the specimens grown in our country. These small plants are often grown in hanging baskets, and are usually pruned every year to maintain a more compact vegetation and more compact.

ficus

Cultivation requirements

terrenoThe ficus pumila To grow at its best, it must be placed in a very bright place, with winter temperatures close to 15-18°C; in summer, it can be placed outside, in a shady or semi-shaded place, not exposed to the sun during the hottest hours of the day. As far as watering is concerned, water regularly throughout the year, but avoid leaving the soil too humid; in winter and summer months it is advisable to spray the canopy sporadically with demineralised water.

Every 10-15 days provide fertilizer for green plants, mixed with the water of the watering. The climbing fig also needs a soil very rich in organic matter, soft and well drained; these plants have a fairly developed root system, and are therefore to be placed in fairly large containers, or repotted every two years or so.

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The reproduction of ficus pumila occurs by seed; as the seed is not easily found, usually these plants propagate by cutting. This is a particularly economical and effective technique used to obtain new seedlings identical to the mother plant. The portions of stem taken root fairly quickly and are to be immediately repotted in a single container. The cuttings must be taken in spring and their length must correspond to about 10-13 cm.

Subsequently, they can be planted in 20-25 cm wide containers containing sand and peat in equal quantities. It is important to use clean and well-sharpened work tools to prevent the fabrics from slipping off.

Fig vines – Ficus pumila: Parasites and diseases

ficus pumila As for pests and diseases, we can say that the fig climber is a plant quite resistant to diseases, but is subject to the attack of cochineal, mites, thrips and aphids. The latter are also called plant lice because of their rapidity of reproduction and, if not eliminated at the beginning, can form real colonies decidedly numerous. All these parasites that feed on the sap of the plant, cause numerous deformations to the leaf apparatus of our fig climber damaging the entire plant.

To combat the problem there are specific products available at the main garden centers.

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