The epipos;epipactis is a terrestrial orchid native to the European forests; the epipactis genus includes about forty species, generally terrestrial, native to Europe and central-northern Asia.
They produce a large fibrous root, which over time extends to form dense colonies of plants, consisting of long, erect stems, slightly arched, fleshy, bright green, slightly pubescent at the base, 60-70 cm high, all’apex of which, in July-August, numerous flowers bloom, up to thirty for each single inflorescence, with greenish petals and sepals and characteristic cup-shaped labellum, slightly fleshy, of a pinkish-green colour; under each flower is present a small elongated bract of a bright green colour.
At the base of the stems, numerous curved, linear, often dusty, leaves appear, 10-15 cm long. E. gigantea has yellow flowers and stems even one metre long; E. mairei is native to China, with brown, yellow or greenish-white flowers.
These orchids need to be grown in a very bright position, even in full sun if we can guarantee the constant presence of water, for example near a small pond; if grown in a container is good to keep them in a bright but shady place, to avoid even short periods of drought. Usually, the epipactis do not fear the cold.
- ORCHIDACEAEEPIPACTIS PALUSTRIS CrantzPlant 30 – 60 cm high. Stoloniferous rhizome, stem with sessile lanceolate leaves. Flowers with purplish pedicel in rare racemo with herbaceous bracts, e.g. tepals…
- Some species of orchids have very special flowers, with a curved labellum, closed to form a kind of shoe; orchids with cup-shaped lips belong to three main genus of orchids.
- The genus cattleya orchids counts about fifty species of epiphytes and lithophytes, native to South America; they are equipped with fleshy pseudobulbs, which may have dimensions close to the 5-7 cm, with a …
- It is a genus that includes many epiphytic orchids, originating in the wetlands and mountains of South America, from Mexico to Peru. They do not have pseudubulbs and the leaves are long and narrow, they are not…
From March to October, water regularly, even daily during the hottest periods of the year, keeping the soil constantly moist but not soaked, checking that there is a proper degree of drainage to prevent the formation of waterlogging and consequent root rot; every 15-20 days it is good to provide specific fertilizer for orchids, dissolving in the water of watering about half the recommended dose on the package.
In the case of high temperatures, it is advisable to regularly spray water on the leaves to maintain the right degree of humidity and temperature.
epipactis need a soft, deep soil, rich in organic matter; use a good balanced soil, to which to mix soil of leaves, humus and pieces of bark or vegetable fiber. The fleshy roots should not be buried too much; usually these orchids have a fairly vigorous development, but take a few months to settle at their best, so they may not give satisfactory results immediately after planting: it is good to wait at least a year before hoping for an abundant flowering.
The reproduction of the Epipactis for getting new specimens usually takes place by division of the tufts, by early spring or by late summer, after the flowering; they practise portions of the big roots, which are to be immediately buried in a suitable substratum, composed by fertile and drained soil, rich of humus and mixed with pieces of bark.
Epipactis: Pests and diseases
Snails, grasshoppers and many larvae are fond of orchid leaves. It is possible to use specific products to counteract the problem, with the care to vaporize mainly on the leaves and with the due moderation.